interferon

noun
in·​ter·​fer·​on | \ ˌin-tər-ˈfir-ˌän How to pronounce interferon (audio) , ˌin-tə- \

Definition of interferon

: any of a group of heat-stable soluble basic antiviral glycoprotein cytokines of low molecular weight that are produced by cells exposed usually to the action of a virus, sometimes to the action of another intracellular parasite (such as a bacterium), or experimentally to the action of some chemicals

Examples of interferon in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Children benefit from the fact that their supersharp immune system makes interferon react faster than SARS-CoV-2 prevents its production. Lars Fischer, Scientific American, 26 Aug. 2021 Both Beta and Delta drive down interferon in infected cells. BostonGlobe.com, 7 June 2021 But clinical trials testing interferon drugs fell short of expectations, yielding mixed results. William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 3 June 2021 Some of the differences among patients’ interferon responses might be genetic. Sarah Zhang, The Atlantic, 7 Apr. 2021 At the time, treatment included injections of interferon-alpha, a protein also made by our own bodies, which activates the body’s antiviral defenses. New York Times, 21 Jan. 2021 Disabling interferon is like knocking down a castle’s gate. Liz Szabo, USA TODAY, 3 Mar. 2021 The virus transferred the gene to the moth cells, which duly secreted human interferon. Meredith Wadman, Science | AAAS, 3 Nov. 2020 In two papers published in Science, the team identified two variants of faulty interferon production. Alexander Zaitchik, The New Republic, 2 Feb. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'interferon.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of interferon

1957, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for interferon

interfere + -on entry 2

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Learn More About interferon

Time Traveler for interferon

Time Traveler

The first known use of interferon was in 1957

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Dictionary Entries Near interferon

interferometer

interferon

interferon alpha

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Statistics for interferon

Last Updated

31 Aug 2021

Cite this Entry

“Interferon.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/interferon. Accessed 22 Sep. 2021.

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More Definitions for interferon

interferon

noun
in·​ter·​fer·​on | \ ˌint-ə(r)-ˈfi(ə)r-ˌän How to pronounce interferon (audio) \

Medical Definition of interferon

: any of a group of heat-stable soluble basic antiviral glycoproteins of low molecular weight that are produced usually by cells exposed to the action of a virus, sometimes to the action of another intracellular parasite (as a bacterium), or experimentally to the action of some chemicals, and that include some used medically as antiviral or antineoplastic agents — see alpha interferon, beta interferon, gamma interferon

More from Merriam-Webster on interferon

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about interferon

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