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idler ˈī-dᵊl-ər How to pronounce idle (audio)
; idlest ˈī-dᵊl-əst How to pronounce idle (audio)
: not occupied or employed: such as
: having no employment : inactive
idle workers
: not turned to normal or appropriate use
idle farmland
: not scheduled to compete
the team will be idle tomorrow
: lacking worth or basis : vain
idle chatter
idle pleasure
: having no evident lawful means of support
idleness noun


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idled; idling ˈī-dᵊl-iŋ How to pronounce idle (audio)

intransitive verb

: to run at low power and often disconnected usually so that power is not used for useful work
the engine is idling
: to spend time in idleness
: to move idly

transitive verb

: to pass in idleness
: to cause to idle
: to make idle
workers idled by a strike
Choose the Right Synonym for idle


vain, nugatory, otiose, idle, empty, hollow mean being without worth or significance.

vain implies either absolute or relative absence of value.

vain promises

nugatory suggests triviality or insignificance.

a monarch with nugatory powers

otiose suggests that something serves no purpose and is either an encumbrance or a superfluity.

a film without a single otiose scene

idle suggests being incapable of worthwhile use or effect.

idle speculations

empty and hollow suggest a deceiving lack of real substance or soundness or genuineness.

an empty attempt at reconciliation
a hollow victory

inactive, idle, inert, passive, supine mean not engaged in work or activity.

inactive applies to anyone or anything not in action or in operation or at work.

on inactive status as an astronaut
inactive accounts

idle applies to persons that are not busy or occupied or to their powers or their implements.

workers were idle in the fields

inert as applied to things implies powerlessness to move or to affect other things; as applied to persons it suggests an inherent or habitual indisposition to activity.

inert ingredients in drugs
an inert citizenry

passive implies immobility or lack of normally expected response to an external force or influence and often suggests deliberate submissiveness or self-control.

passive resistance

supine applies only to persons and commonly implies abjectness or indolence.

a supine willingness to play the fool


idle, loaf, lounge, loll, laze mean to spend time doing nothing.

idle may be used in reference to persons that move lazily or without purpose.

idled the day away

loaf suggests either resting or wandering about as though there were nothing to do.

she does her work and then loafs the rest of the day

lounge, though occasionally used as equal to idle or loaf, typically conveys an additional implication of resting or reclining against a support or of physical comfort and ease in relaxation.

he lounged against the wall

loll also carries an implication of a posture similar to that of lounge, but places greater stress upon an indolent or relaxed attitude.

lolling on the couch

laze usually implies the relaxation of a busy person enjoying a vacation or moments of leisure.

lazed about between appointments

Example Sentences

Adjective There has been a lot of idle speculation about what might happen, but no one really knows. the idle days of summer Verb She left the engine idling for a few seconds before she turned it off. The cars idled in traffic. A group of boys idled in the doorway. The factory closed, idling several hundred workers. Thousands of workers have been idled by the bad economy. The factory has been idled by the strike. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Feehan was in a unique situation entering the postseason after being idle during Week 8. Jake Levin,, 6 Nov. 2022 The trade for do-every running back McCaffrey should only help push this already competitive team, which is idle this week, over the top and into the playoff picture. Bob Mcmanaman, The Arizona Republic, 6 Nov. 2022 Both teams were idle last weekend, nursing injuries and reevaluating their season to this point. Nick Alvarez |, al, 3 Nov. 2022 The games against the Wizards mean the Heat will be home for Thanksgiving, idle on Nov. 24. Ira Winderman, Sun Sentinel, 17 Aug. 2022 The Buckeyes moved up one spot to No. 6 after being idle on conference championship weekend for the first time since 2015. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 5 Dec. 2021 Nearly 9,000 Aera wells were idle as of early October, meaning about 38% of the company’s unplugged inventory isn’t producing oil or gas, according to state data. Mark Olalde, ProPublica, 27 Oct. 2022 Nearly 9,000 Aera wells were idle as of early October, meaning about 38% of the company’s unplugged inventory isn’t producing oil or gas, according to state data. Mark Olalde, Los Angeles Times, 27 Oct. 2022 Both schools are idle this week as the regular season concludes. Ben Thomas |, al, 25 Oct. 2022
This one, on the second night of a back-to-back against a Warriors team idle the day before, had that feeling. Ira Winderman, Sun Sentinel, 29 Oct. 2022 But the entrepreneurial Zeng was not content to idle away his hours in the sleepy state sector and after just three months left to Dongguan. Time, 29 Sep. 2022 That’s against business interruption expenses of $6.3 million directly attributable to the strike during the quarter, and idle mine expenses of $1.7 million. William Thornton |, al, 22 Sep. 2022 Ship owners, worried about the possibility of missile strikes, are choosing to idle vessels and burn extra fuel until the drills pass. Cindy Wang,, 7 Aug. 2022 Do not idle your vehicle, as exhaust contributes to ozone formation. Emily Deletter, The Enquirer, 11 July 2022 Ford plans to idle a plant near Kansas City, Mo. that makes its highly profitable F-150 pickup truck. Garth Friesen, Forbes, 3 Sep. 2021 In her Senate remarks, Raimondo also pointed to recent reports that two Russian tank manufacturers have had to idle production due to a lack of components. Jeanne Whalen, Washington Post, 11 May 2022 Tour buses idle outside the compound's black metal fence where visitors from around the country disembark to see Magnolia in person. Brianna Griff, Chron, 8 Aug. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'idle.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History



Middle English idel, from Old English īdel; akin to Old High German ītal worthless

First Known Use


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2


1592, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 2a

Time Traveler
The first known use of idle was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near idle

Cite this Entry

“Idle.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 26 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition

idle 1 of 2


idler ˈīd-lər How to pronounce idle (audio)
; idlest ˈīd-ləst How to pronounce idle (audio)
: having no worth or basis
idle rumors
idle chatter
: not being used or employed
idle workers
idle factories
idle hours
idleness noun
ˈīd-lē How to pronounce idle (audio)


2 of 2


idled; idling ˈīd-liŋ How to pronounce idle (audio)
: to spend time doing nothing
: to run without being connected for doing useful work
left the engine idling
ˈīd-lər How to pronounce idle (audio)

More from Merriam-Webster on idle

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