hydroxide

noun

hy·​drox·​ide hī-ˈdräk-ˌsīd How to pronounce hydroxide (audio)
1
: the monovalent anion OH consisting of one atom of hydrogen and one of oxygen

called also hydroxide ion

2
: an ionic compound of hydroxide with an element or group

Examples of hydroxide in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The lithium hydroxide conversion facility has been designed for a 30-year lifespan. Catherine Muccigrosso, Charlotte Observer, 7 Feb. 2024 The facility will churn out 25,000 metric tons of lithium hydroxide annually. Sammy Roth, Los Angeles Times, 25 Jan. 2024 These canisters are limited-use items, each containing a certain quantity of lithium hydroxide; Columbia was equipped with 69 of them. Lee Hutchinson, Ars Technica, 1 Feb. 2023 Extra lithium hydroxide canisters would also be transferred between the two shuttles to give Columbia some breathing room—literally—along with a pair of spacesuits for Columbia's crew to wear. Lee Hutchinson, Ars Technica, 1 Feb. 2023 On Thursday, Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen traveled to North Carolina to visit Livent, a lithium hydroxide processing company that currently gets its lithium from Canada and Argentina. Alan Rappeport, New York Times, 30 Nov. 2023 It was shipped to a processing facility and successfully converted into lithium carbonate and lithium hydroxide that can be used in commercial batteries, the company said in a news release. Aaron Gettinger, arkansasonline.com, 21 Nov. 2023 In lab speak, the collagen converts into hydrogen and hydroxide. Joe Kohl-Riggs, Popular Mechanics, 27 July 2023 The cathode is nickel hydroxide while the anode is hydrogen. IEEE Spectrum, 24 Sep. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'hydroxide.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

International Scientific Vocabulary

First Known Use

1851, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of hydroxide was in 1851

Dictionary Entries Near hydroxide

Cite this Entry

“Hydroxide.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hydroxide. Accessed 20 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

hydroxide

noun
hy·​drox·​ide hī-ˈdräk-ˌsīd How to pronounce hydroxide (audio)
: a negatively charged ion consisting of one atom of oxygen and one atom of hydrogen

Medical Definition

hydroxide

noun
hy·​drox·​ide hī-ˈdräk-ˌsīd How to pronounce hydroxide (audio)
1
: the monovalent anion OH consisting of one atom of hydrogen and one of oxygen

called also hydroxide ion

2
: an ionic compound of hydroxide with an element or group

More from Merriam-Webster on hydroxide

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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