hydrocephalus

noun
hy·​dro·​ceph·​a·​lus | \ ˌhī-drō-ˈse-fə-ləs How to pronounce hydrocephalus (audio) \
variants: or less commonly hydrocephaly \ ˌhī-​drō-​ˈse-​fə-​lē How to pronounce hydrocephalus (audio) \

Definition of hydrocephalus

: an abnormal increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranial cavity (as from obstructed flow, excess production, or defective absorption) that is accompanied by expansion of the cerebral ventricles and often increased intracranial pressure, skull enlargement, and cognitive decline

Examples of hydrocephalus in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web When he was born, Dylan was diagnosed with moderate hydrocephalus, which is a build-up of fluid in the brain, as well as a heart condition called pulmonary valve stenosis, Pantoja said. Daniella Genovese, Fox News, 23 Aug. 2021 Soon, 7-year-old Hayden Dawes, who has hydrocephalus and has been in the hospital for a week to replace a shunt, appears on the screen. Washington Post, 15 May 2021 The parents revealed that the 6-year-old had autism, epilepsy and hydrocephalus. Naledi Ushe, PEOPLE.com, 24 Feb. 2021 If Carpenter, who has hydrocephalus and chronic lung disease, were to catch COVID-19, the damage could be severe. Jonathan Mattise, ajc, 21 Feb. 2021 If Carpenter, who has hydrocephalus and chronic lung disease, were to catch COVID-19, the damage could be severe. Jonathan Mattise, Star Tribune, 21 Feb. 2021 He was born with hydrocephalus and brain damage; over time, seizures further impacted his brain and left him requiring constant supervision. State Of Denial, ProPublica, 6 Nov. 2020 In a disorder known as normal pressure hydrocephalus (N.P.H.), the cells that absorb excess fluid stop working well, and the fluid can compress and injure the brain. New York Times, 3 Dec. 2020 In rural India, a child with hydrocephalus gets a chance at life-changing surgery after her photos go viral. Washington Post, 15 Oct. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hydrocephalus.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hydrocephalus

1670, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for hydrocephalus

New Latin hydrocephalus, from Late Latin, hydrocephalic, adjective, from Greek hydrokephalos, from hydr- + kephalē head — more at cephalic

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Time Traveler for hydrocephalus

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The first known use of hydrocephalus was in 1670

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Dictionary Entries Near hydrocephalus

hydrocephalous

hydrocephalus

hydroceramic

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Last Updated

26 Aug 2021

Cite this Entry

“Hydrocephalus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hydrocephalus. Accessed 20 Sep. 2021.

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More Definitions for hydrocephalus

hydrocephalus

noun
hy·​dro·​ceph·​a·​lus | \ -ˈsef-ə-ləs, British also -ˈkef- How to pronounce hydrocephalus (audio) \
plural hydrocephali\ -​ˌlī How to pronounce hydrocephalus (audio) \

Medical Definition of hydrocephalus

: an abnormal increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranial cavity (as from obstructed flow, excess production, or defective absorption) that is accompanied by expansion of the cerebral ventricles and often increased intracranial pressure, skull enlargement, and cognitive decline

More from Merriam-Webster on hydrocephalus

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about hydrocephalus

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