hubris

noun

hu·​bris ˈhyü-brəs How to pronounce hubris (audio)
: exaggerated pride or self-confidence
hubristic adjective

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Hubris Comes From Ancient Greece

English picked up both the concept of hubris and the term for that particular brand of cockiness from the ancient Greeks, who considered hubris a dangerous character flaw capable of provoking the wrath of the gods. In classical Greek tragedy, hubris was often a fatal shortcoming that brought about the fall of the tragic hero. Typically, overconfidence led the hero to attempt to overstep the boundaries of human limitations and assume a godlike status, and the gods inevitably humbled the offender with a sharp reminder of their mortality.

Examples of hubris in a Sentence

When conceived it was a project of almost unimaginable boldness and foolhardiness, requiring great bravura, risking great hubris. Simon Winchester, The Professor and the Madman, 1998
If you were born Somewhere, hubris would come easy. But if you are Nowhere's child, hubris is an import, pride a thing you decide to acquire. Sarah Vowell, GQ, May 1998
… our belief in democracy regardless of local conditions amounts to cultural hubris. Robert D. Kaplan, Atlantic, December 1997
His failure was brought on by his hubris.
Recent Examples on the Web The half-hour tracks Abed and the group's rise to power, the eventual schism with Jeff (who hates not being in control), and the hubris that leads to their downfall, while also telling a touching story about Abed's desire to fit in. Chancellor Agard, EW.com, 6 Mar. 2024 This hubris – and unwillingness to admit the CEO hadn’t conceived of the idea itself – appears to be at the root of Vodacom's failed legal strategy to defend Makate’s challenge. Toby Shapshak, Forbes, 26 Feb. 2024 See all Example Sentences for hubris 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'hubris.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

borrowed from Greek hýbris "arrogance, abuse, violence, outrage," of uncertain origin

Note: A. Nikolaev ("Die Etymologie von altgriechischem ὕβρις," Glotta, 80. [2004], pp. 211-30) connects hýbris with Greek hḗbē "youth, vigor of youth, sexual maturity" (see hebephrenia) taken as descending from Indo-European *(H)i̯ēgwh2-eh2; after a series of assumptions a derivative *Hi̯o/a(h2)gw-ri- becomes *hogwri-, which by Cowgill's Law (*o > *u between a resonant and a labial consonant) results in hýbris. On the semantic side Nikolaev has to assume that hýbris originally meant something like "physical strength," with no negative connotation; this he attempts to demonstrate in passages from Homeric epic and Hesiod. Nikolaev's etymology is roundly rejected by R. Beekes (Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009). Older etymologies proposing that hy- represents a prefix approximately equivalent to epi- "on, upon" are now generally in disfavor.

First Known Use

1884, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of hubris was in 1884

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Cite this Entry

“Hubris.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hubris. Accessed 18 Apr. 2024.

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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