hemiplegia

noun

hemi·​ple·​gia ˌhe-mi-ˈplē-j(ē-)ə How to pronounce hemiplegia (audio)
: total or partial paralysis of one side of the body that results from disease of or injury to the motor centers of the brain
hemiplegic adjective or noun

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Hemi-, unlike semi, almost always appears in scientific or technical words, including medical terms such as this one. A hemiplegic, like a paraplegic (who has lost the use of both legs), has usually suffered brain damage, often from a wound or blood clot. Other conditions that affect one side of the body are hemihypertrophy (excessive growth on one side), hemiatrophy (wasting on one side), and hemiparesis (weakness or partial paralysis).

Examples of hemiplegia in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web It’s designed to identify what doctors call hemiplegia — weakness or paralysis on only one side of the body, a classic sign of stroke. Eva Holland, New York Times, 1 Mar. 2023 Spastic hemiplegia generally affects a hand, arm, or leg on only one side of the body. Lauren Sieben, SELF, 22 Mar. 2022 His conditions — alternating hemiplegia of childhood and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome — involve paralysis and severe epilepsy. Molly Duerig, azcentral, 14 Sep. 2019

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'hemiplegia.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

New Latin, from Middle Greek hēmiplēgia paralysis, from Greek hēmi- + -plēgia -plegia

First Known Use

1600, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of hemiplegia was in 1600

Dictionary Entries Near hemiplegia

Cite this Entry

“Hemiplegia.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hemiplegia. Accessed 20 Feb. 2024.

Medical Definition

hemiplegia

noun
hemi·​ple·​gia ˌhem-i-ˈplē-j(ē-)ə How to pronounce hemiplegia (audio)
: total or partial paralysis of one side of the body that results from disease of or injury to the motor centers of the brain

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