hegemony

noun
he·​ge·​mo·​ny | \ hi-ˈje-mə-nē How to pronounce hegemony (audio) , -ˈge- How to pronounce hegemony (audio) ; ˈhe-jə-ˌmō-nē \

Essential Meaning of hegemony

formal : influence or control over another country, a group of people, etc. They discussed the national government's hegemony over their tribal community.

Full Definition of hegemony

1 : preponderant influence or authority over others : domination battled for hegemony in Asia
2 : the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group

Other Words from hegemony

hegemonic \ ˌhe-​jə-​ˈmä-​nik How to pronounce hegemony (audio) , ˌhe-​gə-​ \ adjective

Did you know?

Hegemony comes to English from the Greek hēgemonia, a noun formed from the verb hēgeisthai ("to lead"), which also gave us the word exegesis (meaning "exposition" or "explanation"). Hegemony was first used in English in the mid-16th century in reference to the control once wielded by the ancient Greek states, and it was reapplied in later centuries as other nations subsequently rose to power. By the 19th century, it had acquired a second sense referring to the social or cultural influence wielded by a dominant member over others of its kind, such as the domination within an industry by a business conglomerate over smaller businesses.

Examples of hegemony in a Sentence

… the very concept of "scientific truth" can only represent a social construction invented by scientists (whether consciously or not) as a device to justify their hegemony over the study of nature. — Stephen Jay Gould, Science, 14 Jan. 2000 When Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, in June of 1941, distracted Japan's traditional rival for hegemony in East Asia, Japanese expansionists saw a historic opportunity. — David M. Kennedy, Atlantic, March 1999 If mermaids had ceased to challenge scientific hegemony, other similarly mythological creatures rushed in to fill their places in Victorian hearts and minds. — Harriet Ritvo, The Platypus and the Mermaid, 1997 They discussed the national government's hegemony over their tribal community. European intellectuals have long debated the consequences of the hegemony of American popular culture around the world.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web Coupled with Beth’s last-minute rescue, the absurdity and chaos that ensue when the military attempts to flush out the insurgents with tear gas are a thorough reminder that there are more important things in life than hegemony. Devon Maloney, Vulture, 25 Oct. 2021 So are the Broncos a threat to the Kansas City Chiefs’ AFC West hegemony or a paper titan? Childs Walker, baltimoresun.com, 1 Oct. 2021 But despite some rhetoric to the contrary last spring, Biden doesn't appear to see NATO as the best means of confronting China's rise and its challenge to American global hegemony. Damon Linker, The Week, 21 Sep. 2021 Throughout, however, dollar hegemony has proved resilient. Paul Swartz, Fortune, 7 Oct. 2021 In the end, breaking Juve’s nine-year hegemony on the Italian game came at a heavy price for Inter. Emmet Gates, Forbes, 6 Oct. 2021 What is eroding this more-than-century-old hegemony of scale? Hans-paul Buerkner, Fortune, 6 Dec. 2021 In the 1960s, the liberal Democratic Study Group helped overthrow the hegemony of conservative Southern Democrats on civil rights. John Harwood, CNN, 7 Nov. 2021 Google’s career certificate programs are another initiative that promises to upend the hegemony of costly, time-consuming university degrees. Ricardo Villadiego, Forbes, 28 Sep. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hegemony.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of hegemony

1567, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hegemony

Greek hēgemonia, from hēgemōn leader, from hēgeisthai to lead — more at seek

Learn More About hegemony

Time Traveler for hegemony

Time Traveler

The first known use of hegemony was in 1567

See more words from the same year

Listen to Our Podcast About hegemony

Dictionary Entries Near hegemony

hegemonistic

hegemony

hegira

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for hegemony

Last Updated

12 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Hegemony.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hegemony. Accessed 18 Jan. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More from Merriam-Webster on hegemony

Nglish: Translation of hegemony for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hegemony for Arabic Speakers

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Name that Thing: Flower Edition

How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!