hegemony

noun
he·​ge·​mo·​ny | \ hi-ˈje-mə-nē How to pronounce hegemony (audio) , -ˈge-; ˈhe-jə-ˌmō-nē How to pronounce hegemony (audio) \

Definition of hegemony

1 : preponderant influence or authority over others : domination battled for hegemony in Asia
2 : the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group

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Other Words from hegemony

hegemonic \ ˌhe-​jə-​ˈmä-​nik How to pronounce hegemonic (audio) , ˌhe-​gə-​ \ adjective

Did You Know?

Hegemony comes to English from the Greek hēgemonia, a noun formed from the verb hēgeisthai ("to lead"), which also gave us the word exegesis ("exposition" or "explanation"). The word was first used in English in the mid-16th century in reference to the control once wielded by the ancient Greek states, and it was reapplied in later centuries as other nations subsequently rose to power. By the 20th century, it had acquired a second sense referring to the social or cultural influence wielded by a dominant member over others of its kind, such as the domination within an industry by a business conglomerate over smaller businesses.

Examples of hegemony in a Sentence

… the very concept of "scientific truth" can only represent a social construction invented by scientists (whether consciously or not) as a device to justify their hegemony over the study of nature. — Stephen Jay Gould, Science, 14 Jan. 2000 When Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, in June of 1941, distracted Japan's traditional rival for hegemony in East Asia, Japanese expansionists saw a historic opportunity. — David M. Kennedy, Atlantic, March 1999 If mermaids had ceased to challenge scientific hegemony, other similarly mythological creatures rushed in to fill their places in Victorian hearts and minds. — Harriet Ritvo, The Platypus and the Mermaid, 1997 They discussed the national government's hegemony over their tribal community. European intellectuals have long debated the consequences of the hegemony of American popular culture around the world.
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Recent Examples on the Web This grown-up response to rock ’n’ roll hegemony counters the childish griping by performers such as Neil Young and Bruce Springsteen (and Jagger when pressed), who balk at their songs being utilized by conservative politicians. Armond White, National Review, "The Stones’ ‘You Can’t Always Get What You Want’ — Redefined," 22 Apr. 2020 The bland hegemony of Viacoms and NBCs are exactly what social media and streaming video allowed consumers to escape in the 21st century. Spencer Kornhaber, The Atlantic, "All the Worst Parts of TV, Condensed!," 11 Apr. 2020 America’s 20th-century hegemony stems from the soft-power appeal of its ideas. Michael J. Casey, Fortune, "Why the U.S. shouldn’t let China dominate the digital currency race," 7 Apr. 2020 Expansion was to continue but was henceforth to emphasize hegemony rather than formal empire. Andrew J. Bacevich, Harper's magazine, "The Old Normal," 2 Mar. 2020 This focus on fundamental rights belies the conventional wisdom that the hegemony of majoritarian politics would provoke radical tendencies among Indian Muslims. Sharik Laliwala, Quartz India, "Facing bias, India’s Muslims are rallying behind its secular constitution, not radical Islam," 20 Feb. 2020 The ultimately law of geopolitics is not the succession of hegemony from one superpower to another, but entropy: the diffusion of power among an ever-growing number of confident power centers. Parag Khanna, Quartz, "Everyone has moved past the US-China trade war—except the US and China," 16 Dec. 2019 Dollar hegemony enabled the U.S. to act swiftly, effectively, and on its own terms. Joshua Zoffer, The New Republic, "To End Forever War, Keep the Dollar Globally Dominant," 3 Feb. 2020 In Iran, he is seen by many as a national hero who played a key role in defeating the Islamic State group and resisting Western hegemony. Author: Amir Vahdat, Joseph Krauss, Anchorage Daily News, "Iran sends mixed signals as tensions with US appear to ease," 9 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hegemony.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hegemony

1567, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hegemony

Greek hēgemonia, from hēgemōn leader, from hēgeisthai to lead — more at seek

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Time Traveler for hegemony

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The first known use of hegemony was in 1567

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Last Updated

29 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Hegemony.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hegemony. Accessed 3 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for hegemony

hegemony

noun
How to pronounce hegemony (audio) How to pronounce hegemony (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of hegemony

formal : influence or control over another country, a group of people, etc.

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