noun (1)
\ ˈgrōt How to pronounce groat (audio) \

Definition of groat

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 usually plural in form but singular or plural in construction : hulled grain broken into fragments larger than grits
2 : a grain (as of oats) exclusive of the hull


noun (2)

Definition of groat (Entry 2 of 2)

: an old British coin worth four pennies

First Known Use of groat

Noun (1)

12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun (2)

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for groat

Noun (1)

Middle English grotes, going back to Old English grotan, masculine weak plural, presumably a variant of the neuter noun grot "particle, whit" (also glossing Latin pollis "finely ground flour"), probably going back to Germanic *gruta-, noun derivative of *greutan- "to grind, crush" — more at grit entry 1

Note: Old English grotan is corrected from the manuscript form gratan, which occurs only once. Forms in other Germanic languages directly comparable to *gruta- appear to be lacking.

Noun (2)

Middle English groot, from Middle Dutch

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The first known use of groat was in the 12th century

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Cite this Entry

“Groat.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 9 Aug. 2022.

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