goi·​ter | \ ˈgȯi-tər How to pronounce goiter (audio) \

Definition of goiter

: an enlargement of the thyroid gland visible as a swelling of the front of the neck — compare hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism

Other Words from goiter

goitrous \ ˈgȯi-​trəs How to pronounce goiter (audio) , ˈgȯi-​tə-​rəs \ adjective

Examples of goiter in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web One time a great frigate bird perched on a curtain rod and ballooned its ruby red throat up to the size of an elephant’s goiter. Devin Murphy, Outside Online, 19 Jan. 2021 Iodine was originally added to salt to reduce the incidence of a goiter. Washington Post, 1 Sep. 2021 After observing the high percentage of centenarians with goiters—a condition that accompanies a low-functioning thyroid—Pes speculates that thiocyanate from a steady diet of kohlrabi may blunt thyroid function. National Geographic, 17 Dec. 2019 Anecdotally, switching to a gluten-free diet has helped people with enlarged thyroids, also known as goiters, though it has not been studied enough to be a proven medical treatment. Julie Mazziotta, PEOPLE.com, 7 Aug. 2019 The guilt that had built all night, without the analgesic of sleep, had swelled like a goiter. David Canfield, EW.com, 23 Sep. 2019 Women, especially those over 40, are more likely to develop goiters. Julie Mazziotta, PEOPLE.com, 5 Aug. 2019 The same goes for treatment, which entirely depends on what's causing the goiter in the first place. Amber Brenza, Health.com, 5 Aug. 2019 Also, just look at it: Consumers willing to spend big rarely choose tiny cars sporting giant goiters on the roof, let alone models that haven’t even been graced with a name. David Muller, Car and Driver, 12 Sep. 2017 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'goiter.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of goiter

1625, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for goiter

French goitre, from Middle French, back-formation from goitron throat, from Vulgar Latin *guttrion-, guttrio, from Latin guttur

Learn More About goiter

Dictionary Entries Near goiter




See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for goiter

Last Updated

20 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Goiter.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/goiter. Accessed 21 May. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for goiter


goi·​ter | \ ˈgȯi-tər How to pronounce goiter (audio) \

Kids Definition of goiter

: a swelling on the front of the neck caused by enlargement of the thyroid gland


variants: or chiefly British goitre \ ˈgȯit-​ər How to pronounce goiter (audio) \

Medical Definition of goiter

: an enlargement of the thyroid gland that is commonly visible as a swelling of the anterior part of the neck, that often results from insufficient intake of iodine and then is usually accompanied by hypothyroidism, and that in other cases is associated with hyperthyroidism usually together with toxic symptoms and exophthalmos

called also struma

Other Words from goiter

goitrous \ ˈgȯi-​trəs How to pronounce goiter (audio) \ also goiterous \ ˈgȯit-​ə-​rəs How to pronounce goiter (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on goiter

Nglish: Translation of goiter for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of goiter for Arabic Speakers


Test Your Vocabulary

Which Word Does Not Belong?

  • one green toy robot amidst many red toy robots
  • Which of these words does not mean "nonsense"?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!