ger·​und ˈjer-ənd How to pronounce gerund (audio)
: a verbal noun in Latin that expresses generalized or uncompleted action
: any of several linguistic forms analogous to the Latin gerund in languages other than Latin
especially : the English verbal noun ending in -ing that has the function of a substantive and at the same time shows the verbal features of tense, voice, and capacity to take adverbial qualifiers and to govern (see govern sense 4) objects

Examples of gerund in a Sentence

In the sentence “Learning can be fun,” “learning” is a gerund.

Word History


Late Latin gerundium, from Latin gerundus, gerundive of gerere to bear, carry on

First Known Use

1513, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of gerund was in 1513

Dictionary Entries Near gerund

Cite this Entry

“Gerund.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 25 Sep. 2023.

Kids Definition


ger·​und ˈjer-ənd How to pronounce gerund (audio)
: an English noun formed from a verb by the addition of -ing that is capable of being modified by adverbs and taking an object

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