germanium

noun
ger·​ma·​ni·​um | \ (ˌ)jər-ˈmā-nē-əm How to pronounce germanium (audio) \

Definition of germanium

: a grayish-white hard brittle metalloid element that resembles silicon and is used especially in optical and semiconductor materials and as a catalyst — see Chemical Elements Table

Examples of germanium in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

These sheets were floated on germanium, allowing them to align with a vertical silicon surface. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Memristors built with 2-nanometer-thick parts," 14 Nov. 2018 The company bakes silicon and germanium at extremely high temperatures, up to 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit, which allows them to realign atoms into a perfect diamond lattice structure. Paul Brinkmann, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Vibration from Orlando City Stadium construction damaged high-tech business next door, lawsuit says," 31 May 2018 This conferred a particular advantage: A high-powered laser, tuned to the right frequency, can selectively melt the germanium. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 This conferred a particular advantage: A high-powered laser, tuned to the right frequency, can selectively melt the germanium. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 This conferred a particular advantage: A high-powered laser, tuned to the right frequency, can selectively melt the germanium. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 For these components, more exotic materials like indium phosphide, gallium arsenide, and germanium work better. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "How the lidar-on-a-chip technology GM just bought probably works," 11 Oct. 2017 The starting point is a thin film of germanium, stretched over a thin, flexible, plastic surface, with microscopic circular columns extending upward. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 Current silicon-germanium FinFETs will probably get us to 7nm, and the use of exotic III-V semiconductors might take the finFET a step further to 5nm. Sebastian Anthony, Ars Technica, "IBM unveils world’s first 5nm chip," 5 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'germanium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of germanium

1886, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for germanium

New Latin, from Medieval Latin Germania Germany

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about germanium

Statistics for germanium

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for germanium

The first known use of germanium was in 1886

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for germanium

germanium

noun
ger·​ma·​ni·​um | \ jər-ˈmā-nē-əm How to pronounce germanium (audio) \

Kids Definition of germanium

: a white hard brittle element used as a semiconductor

germanium

noun
ger·​ma·​ni·​um | \ (ˌ)jər-ˈmā-nē-əm How to pronounce germanium (audio) \

Medical Definition of germanium

: a grayish white hard brittle metalloid element that resembles silicon and is used as a semiconductor symbol Ge — see Chemical Elements Table

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on germanium

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with germanium

Spanish Central: Translation of germanium

Nglish: Translation of germanium for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about germanium

Comments on germanium

What made you want to look up germanium? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

one that collects or salvages junk

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Time Traveler Quiz: Which Word Came First?

  • time traveler quiz which word came first
  • Which came first?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Citation

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!