germanium

noun
ger·​ma·​ni·​um | \ (ˌ)jər-ˈmā-nē-əm How to pronounce germanium (audio) \

Definition of germanium

: a grayish-white hard brittle metalloid element that resembles silicon and is used especially in optical and semiconductor materials and as a catalyst — see Chemical Elements Table

Examples of germanium in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Mendeleev accurately predicted the existence of then-undiscovered elements, such as gallium and germanium, and foretold their interactions with other elements. Neima Jahromi, The New Yorker, "The Histories Hidden in the Periodic Table," 27 Dec. 2019 Instead of using traditional photography lenses, which are of course made of glass, the infrared images were created using lenses made from germanium, a metal that is transparent at infrared wavelengths. New York Times, "How We Made Images of Methane, an Invisible Gas," 13 Dec. 2019 These sheets were floated on germanium, allowing them to align with a vertical silicon surface. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Memristors built with 2-nanometer-thick parts," 14 Nov. 2018 The company bakes silicon and germanium at extremely high temperatures, up to 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit, which allows them to realign atoms into a perfect diamond lattice structure. Paul Brinkmann, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Vibration from Orlando City Stadium construction damaged high-tech business next door, lawsuit says," 31 May 2018 This conferred a particular advantage: A high-powered laser, tuned to the right frequency, can selectively melt the germanium. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 This conferred a particular advantage: A high-powered laser, tuned to the right frequency, can selectively melt the germanium. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 This conferred a particular advantage: A high-powered laser, tuned to the right frequency, can selectively melt the germanium. Nathan Hurst, Smithsonian, "A New Color Printing Technique Borrows From Bird Feathers," 5 May 2017 For these components, more exotic materials like indium phosphide, gallium arsenide, and germanium work better. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "How the lidar-on-a-chip technology GM just bought probably works," 11 Oct. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'germanium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of germanium

1886, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for germanium

New Latin, from Medieval Latin Germania Germany

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Time Traveler for germanium

Time Traveler

The first known use of germanium was in 1886

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Statistics for germanium

Last Updated

6 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Germanium.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/germanium. Accessed 24 January 2020.

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More Definitions for germanium

germanium

noun
ger·​ma·​ni·​um | \ jər-ˈmā-nē-əm How to pronounce germanium (audio) \

Kids Definition of germanium

: a white hard brittle element used as a semiconductor

germanium

noun
ger·​ma·​ni·​um | \ (ˌ)jər-ˈmā-nē-əm How to pronounce germanium (audio) \

Medical Definition of germanium

: a grayish white hard brittle metalloid element that resembles silicon and is used as a semiconductor symbol Ge — see Chemical Elements Table

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More from Merriam-Webster on germanium

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with germanium

Spanish Central: Translation of germanium

Nglish: Translation of germanium for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about germanium

Comments on germanium

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