gens

noun
\ˈjenz, ˈgen(t)s \
plural gentes\ˈjen-​ˌtēz, ˈgen-​ˌtās \

Definition of gens 

1 : a Roman clan embracing the families of the same stock in the male line with the members having a common name and worshipping a common ancestor

2 : clan especially : a patrilineal clan

3 : a distinguishable group of related organisms

First Known Use of gens

1846, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for gens

borrowed from Latin gent-, gens literally, "group of the same ancestry, people, nation," going back to Indo-European *ǵenh1-ti- "offspring," derivative of *ǵenh1- "engender, be born" — more at kin entry 1

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The first known use of gens was in 1846

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