gar·​ri·​son | \ ˈger-ə-sən How to pronounce garrison (audio) , ˈga-rə-\

Definition of garrison

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a military post especially : a permanent military installation
2 : the troops stationed at a garrison


garrisoned; garrisoning\ ˈger-​ə-​s(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce garrisoning (audio) , ˈga-​rə-​ \

Definition of garrison (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to station troops in
2a : to assign as a garrison
b : to occupy with troops


biographical name
Gar·​ri·​son | \ ˈger-ə-sən How to pronounce Garrison (audio) , ˈga-rə-sən\

Definition of Garrison (Entry 3 of 3)

William Lloyd 1805–1879 American abolitionist

Examples of garrison in a Sentence

Noun a garrison of 5,000 men
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The train was on its way from the southern port city of Karachi, the capital of southern Sindh province, to the garrison city of Rawalpindi when the blaze erupted, said Ahmed, the deputy commissioner. Asim Tanveer, USA TODAY, "Fire on moving train kills 71 passengers in central Pakistan," 31 Oct. 2019 The Pakistani religious party Jamaat-e-Islami also organized a pro-Kashmir rally in the garrison city of Abbottabad, which was attended by thousands. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Pakistanis hoist miles-long Kashmir flag in solidarity march," 20 Oct. 2019 Hong Kong’s military garrison has been reinforced with thousands of soldiers and paramilitary police from the mainland, answerable to the hard men in Beijing. The Economist, "Tiananmen veterans view Hong Kong’s crisis with fatalism," 10 Oct. 2019 Protesters have taken over the road that gives them frontline access to govt buildings and the Peoples Liberation Army garrison. NBC News, "More violence grips Hong Kong ahead of China's National Day," 29 Sep. 2019 Last week, thousands of new troops from the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) joined the garrison in the city. James Griffiths, CNN, "Protesters turned Hong Kong into a tinderbox. But it's the government that holds the matches," 1 Sep. 2019 Meanwhile, Pakistan’s top military commanders were meeting in the garrison city of Rawalpindi to discuss the changes in Kashmir. Emily Schmall,, "Pakistan leader warns of possible war with India," 6 Aug. 2019 This week, the People’s Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong released a promotional video pledging to defend Chinese sovereignty in the semiautonomous territory, with footage of troops rounding up mock protesters in a drill. Austin Ramzy, New York Times, "Next to Protest Against Hong Kong’s Government: Its Employees," 1 Aug. 2019 Fourteen people were killed and 18 wounded as nearly 800 mounted Confederates overpowered the 350 men of the town’s federal garrison. USA TODAY, "Fugitive pig, proverb library, sodium warnings: News from around our 50 states," 16 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb According to the Telegraph’s Mike Wright, the fort likely served as a satellite of Isca Dumnoniorum, a military fortification garrisoned by 5,500 legionaries tasked with pacifying the fiercely resisting local populations in the region. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "Construction Reveals Remnants of Roman Fort Below British Bus Station," 27 Sep. 2019 The Syrian troops garrisoned there were well-equipped and dug in. The Economist, "Bashar al-Assad’s ruinous campaign to retake Idlib from Syrian rebels," 6 June 2019 A few days later, past midnight, a dozen outgunned American ships, including Juneau, intercepted a Japanese armada approaching the island to bombard its critical airfield and the beleaguered U.S. Marines garrisoned there. Chris Stirewalt, Fox News, "The House is revolting," 25 May 2018 Brennan’s version of Moscow is Vershinin (a charismatic Chiké Johnson), commander of the troops garrisoned in town and quixotic seeker – in a play filled with them, each one given texture by Brown’s excellent ensemble – for the meaning of existence. Mike Fischer, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "'Three Sisters' yearn for a better life, against the odds," 14 Aug. 2017 A fortress built between the 11th and 14th century helped the friars withstand pirates, Saracen attacks and occupation by Spanish raiders, until Louis XIV garrisoned the island in the 1600s. Jennifer Ladonne, CNN, "Cannes day trips: The island retreats of Îles de Lérins," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'garrison.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of garrison


15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1569, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for garrison


Middle English garisoun "wealth, gift, tribute, protection, fortified place, body of soldiers," borrowed from Anglo-French garisun "protection, cure, income, supplies," from garir "to support, protect, cure" (going back to Old Low Franconian *warjan "to defend, prevent," going back to Germanic *warjan-) + -isun, deverbal noun suffix, going back to Latin -ītiōn-, -ītiō, from -ī-, verb stem formative + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of verbal action — more at weir

Note: The Middle English sense "fortified place, body of soldiers" reflects confusion with Middle English garnisoun and Anglo-French garnisun "fortified place, body of armed men stationed in such a place," from Anglo-French garnir "to give notice, equip, arm, fortify" (see garnish entry 1) + the same suffix seen in garisun.


derivative of garrison entry 1

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Time Traveler for garrison

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The first known use of garrison was in the 15th century

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Last Updated

12 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Garrison.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 22 November 2019.

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More Definitions for garrison


How to pronounce Garrison (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of garrison

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a military camp, fort, or base
: a group of soldiers who are living at a garrison



English Language Learners Definition of garrison (Entry 2 of 2)

: to send soldiers to (a place) in order to defend it
: to send (soldiers) to live in and defend a place


gar·​ri·​son | \ ˈger-ə-sən How to pronounce garrison (audio) \

Kids Definition of garrison

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a military camp, fort, or base
2 : the soldiers stationed at a garrison


garrisoned; garrisoning

Kids Definition of garrison (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to station troops in The fort was only temporarily garrisoned.
2 : to send (troops) to live in and defend It became necessary to garrison troops in the town.

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More from Merriam-Webster on garrison

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for garrison

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with garrison

Spanish Central: Translation of garrison

Nglish: Translation of garrison for Spanish Speakers

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