gallon

noun
gal·​lon | \ ˈga-lən How to pronounce gallon (audio) \

Definition of gallon

: a unit of liquid capacity equal to 231 cubic inches or four quarts — see Weights and Measures Table

Examples of gallon in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

And, in a court filing several years ago, Taylor Energy said experts concluded in 2014 that the sheens contained an average volume of less than 4 gallons per day. Michael Kunzelman, The Seattle Times, "Company can be ordered to drill to end 14-year-old oil leak," 21 Nov. 2018 In 2016, Nestlé applied for a permit to pump an additional 150 gallons per minute at White Pine Springs. CBS News, "Michigan conservationists say Nestlé's pumping of well water unsustainable," 14 May 2018 Hydraulic fracturing uses water — about 10 million gallons per well in West and South Texas — alongside chemicals and sand pumped at high pressure to shatter tight rock. Jennifer Hiller, San Antonio Express-News, "Oil field wastewater finds a second life," 7 May 2018 But by the 1970s and 1980s, Vermonters were making less than 300,000 gallons per year. Jason Wilson, charlotteobserver, "Vermont’s maple syrup business is booming, thanks to technology and changing tastes," 4 May 2018 The truck has a 100-foot ladder and holds up to 500 gallons of water, Brehm said. Anna Bybee-schier, chicagotribune.com, "'The latest and greatest in technology': Franklin Park Fire Department welcomes new quint truck," 16 Apr. 2018 Once reopened, the Tomahawk plant will be able to accommodate up to 19 million gallons per day, which allows for growth and should extend its life another 75 years. Lynn Horsley, kansascity, "Johnson County's new sewer plant won't stink for taxpayers | The Kansas City Star," 13 Apr. 2018 After years of court battles, the two sides reached a settlement in 2009, reducing Nestlé's siphoning to 218 gallons per minute from 400, with additional restrictions on spring and summer withdrawals. Kathleen Gray, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan OKs Nestlé permit for increased water withdrawal for bottled water plant," 2 Apr. 2018 Hurricane-force winds near Kodiak caused a dock to collapse on Monday morning, releasing up to 3,000 gallons of fuel into critical marine habitat, officials said. Laurel Andrews, Anchorage Daily News, "Up to 3,000 gallons of fuel oil spilled in ‘critical habitat’ north of Kodiak," 28 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gallon.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of gallon

13th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for gallon

Middle English galun, galoun, galon, a liquid measure, borrowed from Anglo-French galun, galon, jalon, from Old French jal-, base of jaloie "container for liquids, bucket" (going back to Vulgar Latin *gallēta, of uncertain origin) + -on, diminutive or particularizing suffix, going back to Latin -ō, -ōn-, suffix of persons with a prominent feature

Note: Presumed *gallēta (attested as Medieval Latin galeta "wine vessel, liquid measure" in 11th-century texts) has been linked to several classical Greek words for containers, as kálathos "kind of basket, wine cooler," kēlástra "milk pail" (so glossed by Hesychius), though none of these fit formally; on the other hand, kēlḗtēs, kalḗtēs "sufferer from a hernia" (from kḗlē, kálē "tumor, hernia"; see -cele) fits formally but requires a contextual and semantic leap ("one swollen or ruptured" > "container"?).

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Statistics for gallon

Last Updated

20 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for gallon

The first known use of gallon was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for gallon

gallon

noun

English Language Learners Definition of gallon

US : a unit of liquid measurement equal to four U.S. quarts or 3.785 liters
British : a unit of liquid measurement equal to four British quarts or 4.546 liters

gallon

noun
gal·​lon | \ ˈga-lən How to pronounce gallon (audio) \

Kids Definition of gallon

: a unit of liquid capacity equal to four quarts (about 3.8 liters)

gallon

noun
gal·​lon | \ ˈgal-ən How to pronounce gallon (audio) \

Medical Definition of gallon

1 : a United States unit of liquid capacity equal to four quarts or 231 cubic inches or 3.785 liters
2 : a British unit of liquid and dry capacity equal to four quarts or 277.42 cubic inches or 4.544 liters

called also imperial gallon

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More from Merriam-Webster on gallon

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with gallon

Spanish Central: Translation of gallon

Nglish: Translation of gallon for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of gallon for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gallon

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