gain

noun
\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : resources or advantage acquired or increased : profit made substantial gains last year
2 : the act or process of acquiring something
3a : an increase in amount, magnitude, or degree a gain in efficiency
b : the increase (as of voltage or signal intensity) caused by an amplifier especially : the ratio of output over input
c : the signal-gathering ability of an antenna

gain

verb
gained; gaining; gains

Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to acquire or get possession of usually by industry, merit, or craft gain an advantage he stood to gain a fortune
b : to win in competition or conflict the troops gained enemy territory
c(1) : to arrive at : reach, attain gained the river that night
(2) : traverse, cover gained 10 yards on the play
d : to get by a natural development or process gain strength
e : to establish a specific relationship with gain a friend
2a : to make an increase of (a specified amount) gained three percent in the past month
b : to increase in (a particular quality) gain momentum
3 : to win to one's side : persuade gain adherents to a cause
4 : to cause to be obtained or given : attract gain attention
5 of a timepiece : to run fast by the amount of the clock gains a minute a day

intransitive verb

1 : to get advantage : profit hoped to gain by the deal
2a : increase the day was gaining in warmth
b : to increase in weight
c : to improve in health or ability
3 of a timepiece : to run fast
4 : to get closer to something pursued usually used with on or upon
gain ground
: to make progress

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Other Words from gain

Verb

gainer noun

Examples of gain in a Sentence

Noun

The medication can cause nausea and weight gain. attributed her recent weight gain to the medication she was taking

Verb

They stand to gain an advantage over their competitors by getting an early start. What do you hope to gain from this? gain control of the territory Investigators are trying to gain access to the group's financial records. We were unable to gain admission to the club. We need to gain a better understanding of the problem. They had nothing to lose and everything to gain. He first gained attention as a young writer. Her theories are slowly gaining acceptance. I took the job to gain experience.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Health care and communications stocks also made strong gains. BostonGlobe.com, "Stocks notch solid gains as China eases trade tensions a bit - The Boston Globe," 12 Sep. 2019 The labor movement was making gains, though its most active years still lay ahead. Chris Kaltenbach, baltimoresun.com, "New Baltimore musical imagines what happens when Frederick Douglass meets Susan B. Anthony," 11 Sep. 2019 Everyone knows that no one is safe, especially when all those crazy monsters start to take over Hawkins, Indiana with the help of some pretty evil people that are trying to use them for their own gain. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, ""Stranger Things" Fan Figures Out Crazy Coincidence Between Characters That Keep Getting Killed," 11 Sep. 2019 Pompeo denied extensive reports that the Taliban had made significant battlefield gains in recent months. Karen Deyoung, Anchorage Daily News, "Collapse of Afghanistan peace talks spotlights internal Trump administration divisions," 9 Sep. 2019 Logan will need ongoing interventions to make gains academically and in life. Boys & Girls Aid, oregonlive, "Logan, 10, is playful, energetic and caring despite hardships: A Home of Their Own," 7 Sep. 2019 In the 2018 midterm elections, Democrats made significant gains in suburban areas to retake the House, for instance. Chris Sikich, Indianapolis Star, "Here's how Pete Buttigieg plans to appeal to rural and religious voters," 26 Aug. 2019 During the past year, the Beavers made some gains on the transfer market, and lost a number of players from their roster via transfer. oregonlive.com, "Oregon State football: Where did the 2018 Beavers transfers land, and how they’re faring," 25 Aug. 2019 Its most telling finding is that since the 2008 financial crisis and resulting recession, the wealthiest Americans have not only recovered their wealth but also exceeded it, while the other 90% still have yet to return to their pre-collapse gains. Tim Fernholz, Quartz, "Could a wealth tax end David Koch’s era of inequality?," 23 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The matches are critical because all were against West Region opponents, and a team’s performance against foes from the same region weighs heavily in its chances of gaining a bid in the NCAA postseason tournament. Anchorage Daily News, "Seawolf spikers leave Showcase tournament on winning note," 14 Sep. 2019 This is one of the central questions of Pet, the first YA novel by Akwaeke Emezi, who gained major recognition for their debut novel Freshwater. Gabe Bergado, Teen Vogue, "Akwaeke Emezi on "Pet" and on Making a Better World for Their Protagonist, a Black Trans Girl Named Jam," 13 Sep. 2019 The week began with revelations, first reported by CNN, that US intelligence agencies had pulled a high-level spy who gained the trust of senior officials inside the Kremlin, over fears the asset could be compromised. Wired, "National Security Is in Trump's Hands," 13 Sep. 2019 Texodus’: Why the Lone Star state might turn blue Texas is changing, with liberal voters gaining more clout. The Christian Science Monitor, "Nurturing our kids’ independence – with joy!," 13 Sep. 2019 However, it is noted that Alcantara has gained some trust in his pitches – posting a 2.77 ERA and 0.92 WHIP over his previous seven outings. Chris Wassel, USA TODAY Sportsbook Wire, "Miami Marlins at San Francisco Giants odds, picks and betting tips," 13 Sep. 2019 Meanwhile, companies, the researchers note, can institute programs that help their female executives gain experience elsewhere. Cassie Werber, Quartz at Work, "New research shows the career path to CEO is different for women," 12 Sep. 2019 Originally built by finance attorney Philip Dexter in 1908 on a hill with views of Kettle Cove and the Boston skyline, the home gained notoriety during Prohibition. Boston.com Real Estate, "Listed: Manchester-by-the-Sea mansion had a siren, vaults, and guards to protect liquor stash," 11 Sep. 2019 The other African contender in the list was South African Airways, which gained $185 million from flying between Cape Town and Johannesburg. Abdi Latif Dahir, Quartz Africa, "International carriers still dominate Africa’s most profitable air routes," 27 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gain.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of gain

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for gain

Noun

Middle English gain, borrowed from Anglo-French gain, gaigne, gaaing "tillage, winning, profit," derivative of gaainer, gaaigner "to till, secure (profit, advantage)" — more at gain entry 2

Note: See note at gain entry 2.

Verb

Middle English gaynen "to prevail against," borrowed from Anglo-French gaainer, gaaigner "to cultivate, till, secure (profit, advantage), capture, acquire, be victorious," going back to Old Low Franconian *waiđanjan, of uncertain meaning and origin

Note: The presumed Old Low Franconian verb *waiđanjan has no exact counterpart in neighboring Germanic languages, and given the diverse meanings of the French verb, hypotheses that explain it are all somewhat tenuous. The base has traditionally been taken to be that of Old High German weida "pasture," Old Saxon weiđa, from which a verb meaning "to pasture" was derived, which then hypothetically developed the sense "to cultivate, till" and further derived senses. Alternatively, the verb could be linked to Old High German weidenōn "to hunt," a derivative of weida "hunt, quantity of game taken, catch" (corresponding to Old English wāth "hunt, chase, wandering," Old Norse veiðr "catch, haul of fish"). In Middle English both the noun and verb are presumed to have crossed with borrowings of Old Norse gagn "advantage, victory." Early Modern English gain has acquired senses directly from Middle French and French gagner.

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Dictionary Entries near gain

Gaillard

gaillardia

gaily

gain

gaincope

gaine

Gaines

Statistics for gain

Last Updated

17 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for gain

The first known use of gain was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for gain

gain

noun

Financial Definition of gain

What It Is

A gain, also called a capital gain, is an increase in the value of an investment. It is the difference between the purchase price (the basis) and the sale price of an asset. Thus the formula for gain is:

Sale Price - Purchase Price = Gain

Note that this formula assumes the sale price is higher than the purchase price. If an investor sells an asset for less than he or she paid, this is called a loss.

How It Works

Let's assume you purchase 100 shares of Company XYZ for $1 per share. After three months, the share price increases to $5. This means the value of the investment has increased from $100 to $500, for a gain of $400.

Why It Matters

Gains are taxable, but only when they are realized. That is, they only become taxable when the asset is sold. Until that point, any gains are considered unrealized and are not taxable. The IRS considers nearly every asset owned by individuals and companies as capital assets and thus subject to capital gains taxes.

Taxpayers report capital gains on IRS Schedule D, but these gains are subject to different tax rates depending on whether they are short-term or long-term (and in some cases depending on the type of asset). In the example above, if you sold the Company XYZ shares after a year, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a long-term capital gain and tax it at one of several flat rates. However, if you sold the Company XYZ shares after just three months, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a short-term capital gain and tax that $400 at your ordinary income tax rate, which varies by several factors, including which state you live in, and is generally higher than the long-term capital gains tax rate. This system encourages long-term investing, but there are still many logical reasons an investor might want to sell an asset before a year has passed.

Some retirement vehicles, such as 401(k)s and IRAs, allow investors to buy and sell assets within these vehicles without becoming subject to capital gains tax. This tax deferral effectively gives investors a larger balance on which to compound interest or returns, with capital gains tax applying only when the investor begins to make withdrawals.

An investor's capital losses sometimes will offset all or a portion of his or her capital gains, lowering the investor's tax bill. There is a limit, however, to how much the investor can offset. Note also that the IRS does not treat the distributions of net realized long-term capital gains, like those from a mutual fund, for example, as capital gains. The IRS treats those as ordinary dividends.

Source: Investing Answers

gain

noun

English Language Learners Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something wanted or valued that is gotten : something that is gained especially : money gotten through some activity or process
: something that is helpful : advantage or benefit
: an increase in amount, size, or number

gain

verb

English Language Learners Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

: to get (something wanted or valued)
: to win (something) in a competition, battle, etc.
: to gradually get (something) or more of (something) as time passes

gain

noun
\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Kids Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something valuable or desirable that is obtained or acquired : profit financial gains
2 : an increase in amount, size, or degree

gain

verb
gained; gaining

Kids Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to get or win often by effort You gain knowledge by study. He exercised to gain strength.
2 : to get or acquire in a natural or gradual way He gained ten pounds.
3 : to increase in The car gained speed.
4 : to get to : reach The swimmer gained the shore.
5 : to get an advantage : profit We all gained from the lesson.

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\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Medical Definition of gain

: to improve in health the patient gained daily

gain

noun

Legal Definition of gain

1 : an increase in value, capital, or amount — compare loss
capital gain
: a gain realized on the sale or exchange of a capital asset (as a stock or real estate)
casualty gain
: a gain realized by an insured because property insurance benefits paid for a loss from a casualty or theft are greater than the adjusted value of the insured asset
long-term capital gain
: a capital gain realized on the sale or exchange of an asset held for more than a specified period (as a year)
ordinary gain
: a gain from the exchange or sale of an asset that is not capital
short-term capital gain
: a capital gain realized on the sale or exchange of an asset held for less than a specified period (as a year) that is treated as ordinary income under federal income tax laws
2  plural, in the civil law of Louisiana : a class of community property that reflects the increase in property value contributed by the common skill or labor of the spouses

Other Words from gain

gain verb

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More from Merriam-Webster on gain

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with gain

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for gain

Spanish Central: Translation of gain

Nglish: Translation of gain for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of gain for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gain

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