foi·​son ˈfȯi-zᵊn How to pronounce foison (audio)
archaic : rich harvest
chiefly Scotland : physical energy or strength
foisons plural, obsolete : resources

Did you know?

The definition of foison is amply supplied with labels; they appear at each of the definition's three senses, and they all suggest that it's unlikely that you'll come across foison in your general reading. The word did appear, however, in some reading material that was probably familiar to some of the Mayflower's pilgrims: the late 16th century sermons of Henry Smith. One of those sermons included the following: "Such a foison hath your alms, that by the blessing of God … it increases like the widow's meal…." Foison comes from Latin fusion-, fusio, meaning "outpouring, which in turn comes from fundere, meaning "to pour-the same source as that of the words profuse and refund, among others.

Word History


Middle English foisoun, from Anglo-French fuisun, foison, from Latin fusion-, fusio outpouring — more at fusion

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of foison was in the 14th century


Dictionary Entries Near foison

Cite this Entry

“Foison.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 18 May. 2024.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!