florid

adjective
flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd How to pronounce florid (audio) , ˈflär-\

Definition of florid

1a : very flowery in style : ornate florid prose florid declamations also : having a florid style a florid writer
b : elaborately decorated a florid interior
c obsolete : covered with flowers
2a : tinged with red : ruddy a florid complexion
b : marked by emotional or sexual fervor a florid secret life a florid sensibility
3 : fully developed : manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome the florid stage of a disease
4 archaic : healthy

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Other Words from florid

floridity \ flə-​ˈri-​də-​tē How to pronounce floridity (audio) , flȯ-​ \ noun
floridly \ ˈflȯr-​əd-​lē How to pronounce floridly (audio) , ˈflär-​ \ adverb
floridness \ ˈflȯr-​əd-​nəs How to pronounce floridness (audio) , ˈflär-​ \ noun

Did You Know?

When it first entered English "florid" was used with the literal meaning "covered with flowers." That use, though now obsolete, hints at the word's history. English speakers borrowed "florid" from the Latin adjective floridus ("blooming" or "flowery"), itself from the verb "florēre" ("to bloom"). "Florēre," which in turn comes from a Latin root meaning "flower," is also an ancestor of the words "flourish" and "florescence" ("a state or period of flourishing"). These days, "florid" can refer to an overblown style in speech, writing, or decoration. As such, its synonyms include "ornate," "rococo," and "overwrought."

Examples of florid in a Sentence

a florid, gilded mirror that took up most of the wall gave a florid speech in honor of the queen's visit

Recent Examples on the Web

His singing was interspersed with florid solos from members of the orchestra, so that the virtuosity spread across instruments and suggested a hero-singer of boundless gifts. Corinna Da Fonseca-wollheim, New York Times, "Past and Present, the Orpheus Myth Makes Us Rethink Music," 20 Apr. 2018 Her sentences are often florid without feeling overdone, and regularly demand to be savored. Emily Bobrow, WSJ, "‘Dark Water’ Review: Unfathomable Depths," 28 Dec. 2018 Behind it, a florid, calligraphy-like graffiti design on the wall appears to be growing out of the artwork, like weeds tangled up in a chain link fence. Deborah Vankin, latimes.com, "Shinique Smith's 'Refuge' explores shelter, homelessness and the excess of our stuff," 13 June 2018 William Chambers and Robert Adam were summoned to make improvements, but the serious young king deemed Adam’s work too florid, and Chambers’ sober schemes prevailed. Noor Brara, Vogue, "Inside Buckingham Palace’s Resplendent, Never-Before Seen Rooms," 4 Oct. 2018 The lyrics are florid, the action is sensationalized and psychopathic and the emotional range is operatic. Christopher Arnott, courant.com, "Terrence Mann Kills It As 'Sweeney Todd' At CT Rep," 26 June 2018 In 2014, Vreeland’s grandson Alexander introduced a perfume house in her honor, giving the fragrances hyperbolic names in the style of her florid prose. New York Times, "This Summer, Smell Like Fruit Salad," 2 July 2018 In Spanish home design, the prominence of courtyards, patios, and florid gate designs has been passed down for centuries, Vázquez said. Cassie Owens, Philly.com, "Philadelphia Latinos connect with Caribbean roots through ornate porch gates," 5 July 2018 The vocal writing is similarly evocative; Josephine’s high, florid lines recall Chinese opera, and dissonant harmonies of a lullaby sung by Danny’s mother also seem to come from another world. Heidi Waleson, WSJ, "‘An American Soldier’ and ‘Regina’ Reviews: Prejudice and Power," 12 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'florid.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of florid

1651, in the meaning defined at sense 1c

History and Etymology for florid

Latin floridus blooming, flowery, from florēre

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Statistics for florid

Last Updated

23 Apr 2019

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Time Traveler for florid

The first known use of florid was in 1651

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More Definitions for florid

florid

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of florid

: very fancy or too fancy
: having a red or reddish color

florid

adjective
flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd How to pronounce florid (audio) \

Kids Definition of florid

1 : very fancy or flowery in style florid writing
2 : having a reddish color a florid face

florid

adjective
flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd, ˈflär- How to pronounce florid (audio) \

Medical Definition of florid

: fully developed : manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome florid hyperplasia

Other Words from florid

floridly adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on florid

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for florid

Spanish Central: Translation of florid

Nglish: Translation of florid for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of florid for Arabic Speakers

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