fifth

noun
\ ˈfith How to pronounce fifth (audio) , ˈfif(t)th, ˈfift How to pronounce fifth (audio) \
plural fifths\ ˈfiths How to pronounce fifths (audio) , ˈfif(t)ths , ˈfif(t)s \

Definition of fifth

1 : one that is number five in a series — see Table of Numbers
2a : the musical interval embracing five diatonic degrees
b : a tone at this interval specifically : dominant sense 1
c : the harmonic combination of two tones at this interval
3 : a unit of measure for liquor equal to one fifth of a U.S. gallon (0.757 liter)
4 capitalized : the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution also : the right accorded by the Fifth Amendment to refuse to testify against oneself usually used in the phrase take the Fifth

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from fifth

fifth adjective or adverb
fifthly adverb

Examples of fifth in a Sentence

The bill is due on the fifth of each month. She donated a fifth of her income to charity. bought a fifth of whiskey
See More

Recent Examples on the Web

Over the course of a day, a domestic cat can transfer up to a fifth of a cup of water to its fur. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Science says your cat’s tongue is ideally suited for grooming fur," 28 Dec. 2018 Even looking at all 181 districts where one-fifth or more of the residents qualify as rural, Republicans hold 155 seats and Democrats just 26 (including Bustos' seat). Ronald Brownstein, CNN, "Trade war threatens the GOP's firewall in 2018," 10 Apr. 2018 Apparently thousands of Americans have been waiting for the right job, or a better paying one, because the civilian labor force grew by 711,000 in October and four-fifths of them found jobs. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "The Growth Dividend for Workers," 2 Nov. 2018 Typically, constitutional amendments require a three-fifths vote in the statehouse — and Republicans have enough votes in the statehouse to block that. Zack Beauchamp, Vox, "New Jersey Democrats have a new gerrymandering plan. It is indefensible — and national Democrats need to stop it.," 14 Dec. 2018 Signs of the condition first appear four to six weeks into a pregnancy and peak between nine and 13 weeks, but about one-fifth of unlucky women have to continue treatment for the entire nine months. Megan Friedman, Marie Claire, "Kate Middleton's Hyperemesis Gravidarum Isn't Just Morning Sickness," 8 Sep. 2014 And Representative Carolyn Maloney drew less than three-fifths of the vote against another first-time candidate, Suraj Patel. Alexander Burns, New York Times, "4 Takeaways From Tuesday’s Primary Elections," 27 June 2018 Three-fifths of governors and one-third of all state senators elected during the 2018 midterms will still be in office during the next redistricting cycle, the state government policy research group found. Ed Kilgore, Daily Intelligencer, "The Midterms Could Have a Big Impact on Redistricting," 24 May 2018 Turkey imports about half its oil and a fifth of its gas needs from Iran. David Gauthier-villars, WSJ, "Turkey’s Erdogan Says He’ll Defy U.S. Sanctions on Iran," 6 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fifth.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of fifth

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for fifth

Middle English fifte, fifthe, from Old English fīfta, from fīf five

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about fifth

Statistics for fifth

Last Updated

14 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for fifth

The first known use of fifth was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for fifth

fifth

noun

English Language Learners Definition of fifth

: number five in a series
: one of five equal parts of something
: a unit of measure for alcoholic liquor that is equal to one fifth of a U.S. gallon (approximately 750 ml) also : a bottle that holds this amount of liquor

fifth

adjective
\ ˈfifth How to pronounce fifth (audio) \

Kids Definition of fifth

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: coming right after fourth

fifth

noun

Kids Definition of fifth (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : number five in a series The school year began on the fifth of September.
2 : one of five equal parts I got a fifth of the money.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on fifth

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with fifth

Spanish Central: Translation of fifth

Nglish: Translation of fifth for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fifth for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about fifth

Comments on fifth

What made you want to look up fifth? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to reflect, repel, echo, or resound

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Original Meanings Quiz

  • rembrandt-painting-a-young-scholar-and-his-tutor
  • Which of the following is the earliest known sense of the word awe?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!