field-effect transistor

noun

field-ef·​fect transistor ˈfēld-ə-ˌfekt- How to pronounce field-effect transistor (audio)
: a transistor in which the output current is controlled by a variable electric field

Examples of field-effect transistor in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In operation, the device uses a low-voltage, high speed GaN transistor to control a high-voltage SiC junction field-effect transistor (JFET). IEEE Spectrum, 16 Jan. 2024 But his group has developed a sensor with a graphene field-effect transistor (FET) that can detect toxins at those low levels within seconds. IEEE Spectrum, 28 Aug. 2023 Leading-edge transistors are already transitioning from the fin field-effect transistor (FinFET) architecture to nanosheets. IEEE Spectrum, 25 May 2023 Every metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor, or MOSFET, has the same set of basic parts: the gate stack, the channel region, the source, and the drain. Marko Radosavljevic, IEEE Spectrum, 11 Aug. 2022 To our interview Liu has brought a model of his own: a Lego model of TSMC’s showstopping fin field-effect transistor, which controls the flow of current in a semiconductor using an electric field, a narrow fin, a system of gates, and very little voltage. Virginia Heffernan, WIRED, 21 Mar. 2023 Boahen suggests that a string of ferroelectric capacitors could emulate a stretch of dendrite and replace the gate stack of a field-effect transistor to form a ferroelectric FET (FeFET). IEEE Spectrum, 15 Mar. 2023 For the initial signal amplification, the team was already using what might be considered the gold standard: high-mobility, heterojunction field-effect transistor amplifiers. Rachel Courtland, IEEE Spectrum, 1 May 2014 The problem is, producing the nanotubes, called carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNFET) is messy and current processes create tubes with too many defects to scale up the process. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, 30 Aug. 2019

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'field-effect transistor.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1952, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of field-effect transistor was in 1952

Dictionary Entries Near field-effect transistor

Cite this Entry

“Field-effect transistor.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/field-effect%20transistor. Accessed 20 Jul. 2024.

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