fermentation

noun
fer·​men·​ta·​tion | \ ˌfər-mən-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce fermentation (audio) , -ˌmen-\

Definition of fermentation

1a : a chemical change with effervescence
b : an enzymatically controlled anaerobic breakdown of an energy-rich compound (such as a carbohydrate to carbon dioxide and alcohol or to an organic acid) broadly : an enzymatically controlled transformation of an organic compound

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Examples of fermentation in a Sentence

a wave of immigration followed by a period of social fermentation

Recent Examples on the Web

In order to produce champagne's signature bubbles, the wine must undergo a second fermentation in the bottle with a dose of yeast and sugars, but the yeast would leave unappealing sediment in the bottom of the bottle and leave the wine cloudy. Lauren Hubbard, Town & Country, "You Have the Founding Mothers of Champagne to Thank for the Bubbly You Drink Today," 8 Mar. 2019 Ancestral method involves the wine’s one and only fermentation occurring in the bottle. Michael Austin, chicagotribune.com, "A lesson on wine terms that will go down easy," 13 June 2018 One process under consideration is creating CBD and other cannabinoids through a yeast fermentation process that eliminates the need to grow plants. Jennifer Maloney, WSJ, "Slowing Cigarette Sales Push Altria to Explore Other Opportunities," 4 Dec. 2018 Laurent-Perrier took the work of Madame Pommery a step further, creating and bottling the Grand Vin sans Sucre, a vintage with no sugar added before the second fermentation. Lauren Hubbard, Town & Country, "You Have the Founding Mothers of Champagne to Thank for the Bubbly You Drink Today," 8 Mar. 2019 The antimicrobial claims made about apple cider vinegar stem from the fermentation process. Jaclyn London, Ms, Rd, Cdn, Good Housekeeping, "The Real Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar, According to a Nutritionist," 21 Nov. 2018 More than 100 years ago, British brewers like Horace Brown noticed that dry hopping led to more re-fermentation in casks of ale. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "How to get that great “hoppy” beer taste without the exploding bottles," 5 Oct. 2018 Beer is made bubbly by pumping in carbon-dioxide gas, not through natural fermentation, which adds flavor and fizz. Barry Estabrook, WSJ, "‘The Missing Ingredient’ Review: Parsley, Sage and Time," 28 Sep. 2018 Vinegar’s active ingredient, acetic acid, can be produced naturally through bacterial fermentation, as in apple cider vinegar, or industrially, via chemical reactions from such source materials as methanol. Margaret Roach, Good Housekeeping, "Why It Can Be Dangerous to Use Vinegar to Kill Weeds," 15 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fermentation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fermentation

1601, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Statistics for fermentation

Last Updated

12 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for fermentation

The first known use of fermentation was in 1601

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More Definitions for fermentation

fermentation

noun
fer·​men·​ta·​tion | \ ˌfər-mən-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce fermentation (audio) \

Kids Definition of fermentation

: a chemical breaking down of a substance (as sugar) that is controlled by an enzyme, usually does not require oxygen, and typically results in the production of alcohol and carbon dioxide

fermentation

noun
fer·​men·​ta·​tion | \ ˌfər-mən-ˈtā-shən, -ˌmen- How to pronounce fermentation (audio) \

Medical Definition of fermentation

1 : a chemical change with effervescence
2 : an enzymatically controlled anaerobic breakdown of an energy-rich compound (as a carbohydrate to carbon dioxide and alcohol or to an organic acid) broadly : an enzymatically controlled transformation of an organic compound

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Comments on fermentation

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