Federal Reserve Board

noun
Updated on: 26 Jul 2017

Definition of Federal Reserve Board

  1. :  a 7-member board of governors overseeing the Federal Reserve System

First Known Use of federal reserve board

1920


Financial Definition of FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD

Federal Reserve Board

What It Is

The Federal Reserve Board (FRB), officially called the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, is the Federal Reserve System's primary decision-making body.

How It Works

There are seven members on the FRB, each appointed to a 14-year term by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate. The President designates the chairman and the vice-chairman of the Board. Ben Bernanke is the current chairman of the FRB.

Three committees advise the FRB: the Federal Advisory Council, the Consumer Advisory Council, and the Thrift Institutions Advisory Council.

The FRB is part of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), along with the president of the New York District Federal Reserve Bank and four other Federal Reserve District bank presidents. The FRB chair is also the chair of the FOMC.

The FRB also appoints three of the nine directors at each of the Federal Reserve's 12 reserve banks. Either the FRB or the local reserve banks appoint the directors of the Federal Reserve's 25 branch banks.

Why It Matters

The FRB has substantial influence on the financial markets because its decisions and actions are at the center of U.S. monetary policy. The FRB sets reserve requirements for banks and regulates their asset holdings. It also approves changes in the discount rate, which is the interest rate the Fed charges member banks as "lender of last resort

The anticipated actions of the FRB are the subject of considerable speculation and comments from members of the FRB, official or unofficial, are scrutinized by the market.


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