fabric

noun fab·ric \ ˈfa-brik \
|Updated on: 12 Jun 2018

Definition of fabric

b : underlying structure : framework
  • the fabric of society
2 : an act of constructing : erection; specifically : the construction and maintenance of a church building
3 a : structural plan or style of construction
b : texture, quality used chiefly of textiles
c : the arrangement of physical components (as of soil) in relation to each other
4 a : cloth 1a
b : a material that resembles cloth
5 : the appearance or pattern produced by the shapes and arrangement of the crystal grains in a rock

Examples of fabric in a Sentence

  1. The curtains are made of expensive fabric.

  2. scarves made of woven fabrics

  3. the fabric of the community

Recent Examples of fabric from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fabric.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of fabric

borrowed from Middle French & Medieval Latin; Middle French fabrique "act of construction, something created or constructed, the created world, structure, construction and maintenance of a church," borrowed from Medieval Latin fabrica, going back to Latin, "process of making something, craft, art, workshop," noun derivative from *fabricus "of a craftsman," from fabr-, faber "craftsman, smith" (perhaps going back to dialectal Indo-European *dhabh-r- —perhaps of non-Indo-European origin— whence also Armenian darbin "smith," from *dhabh-r-sneh2) + -icus 1-ic
Note: The Latin derivative fabrica may have been shortened from fabrica ars, perhaps literally "smith's craft, smith's place of work." The base *dhabh-r- has been compared with Gothic gadaban "to happen, be suitable" and a host of related words (see daft), though the semantic link is tenuous.

Other Textiles Terms


FABRIC Defined for English Language Learners

fabric

Definition of fabric for English Language Learners

  • : woven or knitted material

  • : the basic structure of something


FABRIC Defined for Kids

fabric

noun fab·ric \ ˈfa-brik \

Definition of fabric for Students

1 : cloth 1
2 : the basic structure
  • the fabric of society


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