fab·​ric ˈfa-brik How to pronounce fabric (audio)
: underlying structure : framework
the fabric of society
: an act of constructing : erection
specifically : the construction and maintenance of a church building
: structural plan or style of construction
: texture, quality
used chiefly of textiles
: the arrangement of physical components (as of soil) in relation to each other
: a material that resembles cloth
: the appearance or pattern produced by the shapes and arrangement of the crystal grains in a rock

Examples of fabric in a Sentence

The curtains are made of expensive fabric. scarves made of woven fabrics the fabric of the community
Recent Examples on the Web In 2015, Vice President Joe Biden opened a White House summit on countering extremism and radicalization, saying the United States needed to ensure that immigrants were fully included in the fabric of American society to prevent violent ideologies from taking root at home. The Arizona Republic, 12 June 2024 His wisdom, his generosity and his humor are forever sewn into the fabric of the franchise. Janis Carr, Orange County Register, 12 June 2024 Five years on, Paradise families have scattered, the fabric of this small town torn. Jonathan Vigliotti, CBS News, 12 June 2024 Glamour: Your Nantucket novels, for so many of us, have been the literal fabric of our summers. Melissa Kravitz Hoeffner, Glamour, 11 June 2024 See all Example Sentences for fabric 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'fabric.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


borrowed from Middle French & Medieval Latin; Middle French fabrique "act of construction, something created or constructed, the created world, structure, construction and maintenance of a church," borrowed from Medieval Latin fabrica, going back to Latin, "process of making something, craft, art, workshop," noun derivative from *fabricus "of a craftsman," from fabr-, faber "craftsman, smith" (perhaps going back to dialectal Indo-European *dhabh-r- —perhaps of non-Indo-European origin— whence also Armenian darbin "smith," from *dhabh-r-sneh2) + -icus -ic entry 1

Note: The Latin derivative fabrica may have been shortened from fabrica ars, perhaps literally "smith's craft, smith's place of work." The base *dhabh-r- has been compared with Gothic gadaban "to happen, be suitable" and a host of related words (see daft), though the semantic link is tenuous.

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of fabric was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near fabric

Cite this Entry

“Fabric.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fabric. Accessed 18 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition


fab·​ric ˈfab-rik How to pronounce fabric (audio)
: the basic structure
the fabric of society

More from Merriam-Webster on fabric

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