fab·​ric | \ ˈfa-brik How to pronounce fabric (audio) \

Definition of fabric

b : underlying structure : framework the fabric of society
2 : an act of constructing : erection specifically : the construction and maintenance of a church building
3a : structural plan or style of construction
b : texture, quality used chiefly of textiles
c : the arrangement of physical components (as of soil) in relation to each other
b : a material that resembles cloth
5 : the appearance or pattern produced by the shapes and arrangement of the crystal grains in a rock

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Synonyms for fabric


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Examples of fabric in a Sentence

The curtains are made of expensive fabric. scarves made of woven fabrics the fabric of the community
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Recent Examples on the Web The blue and gray Sip Shields are made with a cotton plain-weave fabric known as chambray. Michael Alberty | For The Oregonian/oregonlive, oregonlive, "Tell the wine lover in your life to ‘zip it’ this holiday season," 1 Dec. 2020 Chairs: Palacek in a Schuyler Samperton Textiles fabric. Emma Bazilian, House Beautiful, "This Maine Vacation Home Puts a Fresh Spin on Seaside Hues," 26 Nov. 2020 Gore-Tex, a waterproof fabric made of the same material as Teflon, is another favorite. Ariel Cheung, chicagotribune.com, "The ultimate guide to winter camping in Illinois during COVID-19," 21 Nov. 2020 The Drawing Room is adorned with silk fabric and decorated in Louis XVI style. Mary Lou Cruz, sun-sentinel.com, "Virtual community, entertainment events," 20 Nov. 2020 Each rechargeable unit can illuminate the night for up to 40 hours on the low setting, the headband is a moisture-wicking fabric that doesn’t slide around on sweaty foreheads, and the LED bulbs put out 330 lumens of light. Ben Romans, Field & Stream, "Great Survival Gift Ideas for 2020," 20 Nov. 2020 Summerville used a gold lamé fabric with a bias cut to create this flowing centerpiece gown for Marion. Maureen Lee Lenker, EW.com, "How Mank costume designer Trish Summerville recreated classic Hollywood," 20 Nov. 2020 Obama’s dress was cotton poplin, a simple fabric accessible to most Americans. Alicia Ault, Smithsonian Magazine, "How History Records the Peculiar Role of America’s First Ladies," 19 Nov. 2020 In a breakfast nook off the kitchen, Gambrel designed a custom 17-inch-high banquette in a Janus et Cie fabric. Vanessa Lawrence, ELLE Decor, "A Malibu Hacienda Is Utterly Transformed Into a Serene Oasis of Calm," 18 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fabric.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fabric

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for fabric

borrowed from Middle French & Medieval Latin; Middle French fabrique "act of construction, something created or constructed, the created world, structure, construction and maintenance of a church," borrowed from Medieval Latin fabrica, going back to Latin, "process of making something, craft, art, workshop," noun derivative from *fabricus "of a craftsman," from fabr-, faber "craftsman, smith" (perhaps going back to dialectal Indo-European *dhabh-r- —perhaps of non-Indo-European origin— whence also Armenian darbin "smith," from *dhabh-r-sneh2) + -icus -ic entry 1

Note: The Latin derivative fabrica may have been shortened from fabrica ars, perhaps literally "smith's craft, smith's place of work." The base *dhabh-r- has been compared with Gothic gadaban "to happen, be suitable" and a host of related words (see daft), though the semantic link is tenuous.

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Time Traveler for fabric

Time Traveler

The first known use of fabric was in the 15th century

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Statistics for fabric

Last Updated

4 Dec 2020

Cite this Entry

“Fabric.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fabric. Accessed 5 Dec. 2020.

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More Definitions for fabric


How to pronounce fabric (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of fabric

: woven or knitted material
: the basic structure of something


fab·​ric | \ ˈfa-brik How to pronounce fabric (audio) \

Kids Definition of fabric

2 : the basic structure the fabric of society

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