essential amino acid

noun

Definition of essential amino acid 

: any of various amino acids that are required for normal health and growth in many vertebrates, are either not manufactured in the body or manufactured in insufficient quantities, are usually supplied by dietary protein, and include histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine — compare nonessential amino acid

Examples of essential amino acid in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Eggs contain all nine essential amino acids necessary to rebuild the muscles and tissues in our bodies, according to Jaclyn London, MS, RD, CDN, Nutrition Director of the Good Housekeeping Institute. Stephanie Eckelkamp, Good Housekeeping, "I Ate 3 Eggs Every Day for a Week — Here’s What I Learned," 13 July 2018 Your liver helps by storing various essential amino acids over the course of a day for use later on. Health.com, "What’s the Deal With Complete and Incomplete Protein—and Does It Even Matter?," 10 Apr. 2018 For example, some types of protein and fat also provide essential amino acids and essential fatty acids, respectively. Dylan Mackay, SELF, "Here's How to Tell If You Should Be Tracking Your Macros," 14 May 2018 That makes a constant supply of the essential amino acids, well, essential! Caroline Walder, Good Housekeeping, "Here's Why Eggs Are One of the Best Things You Can Eat," 1 Mar. 2018 Crickets contain essential amino acids and are high in nutrients such as omega-3s, calcium and iron. Jen Skerritt, Bloomberg.com, "Cricket Muffins, Anyone? Canadian Food Giant Bets on Insects," 11 Apr. 2018 Eggs are a complete protein, containing all 9 essential amino acids necessary to rebuild the muscles and tissues in our bodies. Caroline Walder, Good Housekeeping, "Here's Why Eggs Are One of the Best Things You Can Eat," 1 Mar. 2018 Chia seeds also contain key minerals like calcium and magnesium, and all nine essential amino acids. Aliza Abarbanel, Bon Appetit, "What Are Chia Seeds Good For Anyway?," 26 Jan. 2018 Most powders contain whey, soy or casein, high-quality proteins containing all nine essential amino acids that the body can't make on its own. Katherine Dillinger, CNN, "Protein powder pros and cons: What to know, what to watch out for," 9 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'essential amino acid.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of essential amino acid

1911, in the meaning defined above

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Last Updated

12 Nov 2018

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The first known use of essential amino acid was in 1911

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More Definitions for essential amino acid

essential amino acid

noun

Medical Definition of essential amino acid 

: any of various alpha-amino acids that are required for normal health and growth, are either not manufactured in the body or manufactured in insufficient quantities, are usually supplied by dietary protein, and in humans include histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine

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