es·​carp·​ment | \ i-ˈskärp-mənt How to pronounce escarpment (audio) \

Definition of escarpment

1 : a steep slope in front of a fortification
2 : a long cliff or steep slope separating two comparatively level or more gently sloping surfaces and resulting from erosion or faulting

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Synonyms for escarpment


barranca (also barranco), bluff, cliff, crag, palisade, precipice, scar, scarp

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Examples of escarpment in a Sentence

the castle sits atop an escarpment that for hundreds of years made it virtually invulnerable to attack

Recent Examples on the Web

Home Base Sighnaghi, a cobblestoned village on an escarpment overlooking the Alazani Valley, is a convenient point of departure for wine tourism in Kakheti, and its accommodations don’t disappoint. Benjamin Kemper, Condé Nast Traveler, "A Guide to Georgian Wine Country," 5 Sep. 2018 Blue Mountains National Park Blue Mountains National Park is one of Sydney's best known scapes, and for good reason: the refuge promises epic escarpments and bush walks west of town. Sophie Davies, Condé Nast Traveler, "16 Best Parks in Sydney," 20 Mar. 2018 Explore the 1,100 piney acres of Wildcat Hills State Recreation Area and Nature Center, spread across a rocky escarpment within a region of rising canyons and forested buttes. Laura Kiniry, Smithsonian, "The 20 Best Small Towns To Visit in 2018," 5 June 2018 The escarpment is prone to landslides because of its topography, and some areas are more vulnerable than others. Andrew Carter And Bruce Henderson, charlotteobserver, "NC dropped program to map landslide hazards. Could it have prevented the latest deaths?," 31 May 2018 Across the North Carolina mountains, there were hundreds of those dots, many of them clustered diagonally along the Blue Ridge escarpment, where steep slopes signal the mountains’ rise. Andrew Carter And Bruce Henderson, charlotteobserver, "NC dropped program to map landslide hazards. Could it have prevented the latest deaths?," 31 May 2018 The scientists estimated water coursed over the escarpment through Noto Canyon, flowing at up to 160 kilometers per hour and spilling over a 1.5-kilometer-high waterfall into the Mediterranean’s briny eastern basin. Katherine Kornei, Scientific American, "A Megaflood-Powered Mile-High Waterfall Refilled the Mediterranean [Video]," 26 Mar. 2018 Researchers figured that out by taking a closer look at two S. ensidens fossils that were unearthed from a Wyoming escarpment in 1871. Katie Langin, Science | AAAS, "A four-eyed lizard walked the earth 49 million years ago," 2 Apr. 2018 According to police, Sarah and Jennifer Hart were driving along a coastal strip of highway in Northern California when their car went off an escarpment, dropping 100 feet to the ground. Britni Danielle,, "Devonte Hart, Boy From Viral Protest Photo, Told Neighbor He Was Being Starved To Death," 30 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'escarpment.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of escarpment

circa 1802, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for escarpment

French escarpement, from escarper to scarp, from Middle French, from escarpe scarp, from Old Italian scarpa — more at scarp

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Time Traveler for escarpment

The first known use of escarpment was circa 1802

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English Language Learners Definition of escarpment

: a long cliff or steep slope that separates two flat or slightly sloped areas

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Comments on escarpment

What made you want to look up escarpment? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


incapable of being surmounted or overcome

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