eruc·​ta·​tion | \ i-ˌrək-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce eructation (audio) , ˌē- \

Definition of eructation

: an act or instance of belching

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Synonyms for eructation


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Eructation is simply a fancier, and some might argue a more decorous, word for "belch." "Eructation" was borrowed from Latin in the 15th century; the verb eruct, meaning "to belch," followed in the late 16th century. Both have their source in the Latin verb eructare, which is the frequentative form of erugere, meaning "to belch or disgorge." (A frequentative form is one that denotes a repeated or recurrent action or state.) "Eructare" shares an ancestor with Greek word ereugesthai as well as Old English "rocettan," both of which also mean "to belch."

Examples of eructation in a Sentence

an enormous eructation that startled everyone within earshot
Recent Examples on the Web Our tent was fast filling with eructations-ode de Dinty Moore. John Phillips, Car and Driver, "Tested: 1995 Land Rover Defender 90 Goes Nowhere, Man," 24 Mar. 2020 His flacks and surrogates hand out scraps of information grudgingly, infrequently, and beclouded by fragrant eructations of doublespeak. Charles Seife, Slate Magazine, "The Domesticated Press Corps," 1 Mar. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'eructation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of eructation

15th century, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of eructation was in the 15th century

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Cite this Entry

“Eructation.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 20 Oct. 2020.

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eruc·​ta·​tion | \ i-ˌrək-ˈtā-shən, ˌē- How to pronounce eructation (audio) \

Medical Definition of eructation

: an act or instance of belching

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