ep·​i·​de·​mi·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌe-pə-ˌdē-mē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce epidemiology (audio) , -ˌde-mē-\

Definition of epidemiology

1 : a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population
2 : the sum of the factors controlling the presence or absence of a disease or pathogen

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Other Words from epidemiology

epidemiological \ ˌe-​pə-​ˌdē-​mē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​kəl How to pronounce epidemiological (audio) , -​ˌde-​mē-​ \ or less commonly epidemiologic \ ˌe-​pə-​ˌdē-​mē-​ə-​ˈlä-​jik How to pronounce epidemiologic (audio) , -​ˌde-​mē-​ \ adjective
epidemiologically \ ˌe-​pə-​ˌdē-​mē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce epidemiologically (audio) , -​ˌde-​mē-​ \ adverb
epidemiologist \ ˌe-​pə-​ˌdē-​mē-​ˈä-​lə-​jist How to pronounce epidemiologist (audio) , -​ˌde-​mē-​ \ noun

Examples of epidemiology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Each stack is dedicated to a topic somehow related to his work in evolutionary theory: the origins of behavioral disorders, the epidemiology of tuberculosis, the way modern humans overrode Neanderthals. Quanta Magazine, "Finding the Actions That Alter Evolution," 5 Jan. 2017 According to the report, the hotels were being inspected by health inspectors, including environmental health and epidemiology specialists, on Thursday. Breanna Edwards, Essence, "Early Autopsy Results Still Inconclusive On American Tourists Who Died At The Same Dominican Republic Resort," 7 June 2019 That's a far higher rate of hospitalization and death than is normally seen with the hepatitis A virus, said Dr. Nicholas Gilpin, chief medical officer of Beaumont Hospital, Grosse Pointe, and medical director of infection control/epidemiology. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan's hepatitis A outbreak is worst in U.S. What you need to know.," 27 May 2018 Meike Vernooij, a professor in epidemiology and radiology at Erasmus University Medical Center in the Netherlands, and her colleagues wanted to see how diet might impact the brain. Alice Park, Time, "How What You Eat May Affect Your Brain Size," 16 May 2018 His father worked in the commercial art trade and owned a blanket that was once used by a victim of the 1918 flu — a morbid keepsake that Dr. Crosby credited with stimulating his interest in epidemiology. Harrison Smith, Washington Post, "Alfred Crosby, environmental historian of ‘Columbian exchange,’ dies at 87," 5 Apr. 2018 People in the program undergo four weeks of lectures and training at CDC Atlanta, nicknamed epidemiology boot camp, and then can be deployed to locations around the world to investigate urgent outbreaks on the ground. Jacqueline Detwiler, Popular Mechanics, "The Disease Detectives," 7 Mar. 2019 Susan Huang, medical director for epidemiology and infection prevention at the University of California at Irvine School of Medicine, and a mother of two, agreed. Jenny Marder, The Seattle Times, "There’s mold in your kids’ bath toys (and that’s probably OK)," 12 Feb. 2019 Gregg Gonsalves: Global health advocate, assistant professor of epidemiology, Yale University. Hannah Rodriguez, The Seattle Times, "UW researcher wins $625,000 MacArthur ‘genius grant’ for transgender youth study," 4 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'epidemiology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of epidemiology

1850, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for epidemiology

borrowed from French, Spanish, or New Latin; French épidémiologie, borrowed from Spanish epidemiología, borrowed from New Latin epidēmiologia, from Medieval Latin epidēmia "disease affecting a large number of individuals, epidemic" + New Latin -o- -o- + -logia -logy — more at epidemic entry 1

Note: New Latin epidēmiologia was used in the title of a treatise by the Calabrian physician Quinto Tiberio Angelerio (1532-1617), Epidemiologia, sive Tractatus de peste (Madrid, 1598), a second edition of his earlier work Ectypa pestilentis status Algheriae Sardiniae (Cagliari, 1588), detailing methods to cope with a plague outbreak in Alghero, Sardinia, in 1582-83. The Latin word was revived by the Spanish physician Joaquín de Villalba (1752-1807) in his Epidemiología española (Madrid, 1802), a history of epidemics in Spain that was widely disseminated in Europe.

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Statistics for epidemiology

Last Updated

25 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for epidemiology

The first known use of epidemiology was in 1850

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English Language Learners Definition of epidemiology

medical : the study of how disease spreads and can be controlled


ep·​i·​de·​mi·​ol·​o·​gy | \ -jē How to pronounce epidemiology (audio) \
plural epidemiologies

Medical Definition of epidemiology

1 : a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population
2 : the sum of the factors controlling the presence or absence of a disease or pathogen

Other Words from epidemiology

epidemiological \ -​ˌdē-​mē-​ə-​ˈläj-​i-​kəl How to pronounce epidemiological (audio) , -​ˌdem-​ē-​ How to pronounce epidemiological (audio) \ also epidemiologic \ -​ik How to pronounce epidemiologic (audio) \ adjective
epidemiologically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce epidemiologically (audio) \ adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on epidemiology

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with epidemiology

Spanish Central: Translation of epidemiology

Britannica English: Translation of epidemiology for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about epidemiology

Comments on epidemiology

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appealing forcibly to the mind or reason

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