enterocyte

noun

en·​tero·​cyte ˈen-tə-rō-ˌsīt How to pronounce enterocyte (audio)
plural enterocytes
: any of numerous columnar, absorptive, epithelial cells that line the villi of the small intestine and have microvilli projecting from the cell membrane to form a brush border
At age 28 years she had a small-intestine biopsy; the findings were not consistent with celiac disease but rather revealed lipid-engorged enterocytes.Daniel J. Rader et al.

Word History

Etymology

probably borrowed from French entérocyte, from entéro- entero- + -cyte -cyte

First Known Use

1960, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of enterocyte was in 1960

Dictionary Entries Near enterocyte

Cite this Entry

“Enterocyte.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enterocyte. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

Medical Definition

enterocyte

noun
en·​tero·​cyte ˈen-tə-rō-ˌsīt How to pronounce enterocyte (audio)
: any of numerous columnar, absorptive, epithelial cells that line the villi of the small intestine and have microvilli projecting from the cell membrane to form a brush border
The most abundant type of gut epithelial cell, the enterocyte, has many finger-like projections at its apical surface called microvilli, which are rich in digestive enzymes known as hydrolases.Aparna Lakkaraju et al.
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