Definition of emphysema
: a condition characterized by air-filled expansions of body tissues; specifically : a condition of the lung marked by abnormal enlargement of the alveoli with loss of pulmonary elasticity that is characterized especially by shortness of breath and may lead to impairment of heart action
emphysematousplay \ˌem(p)-fə-ˈze-mə-təs, -ˈse-, -ˈzē-, -ˈsē-\ adjective
emphysemicplay \ˌem(p)-fə-ˈzē-mik, -ˈsē-\ adjective
Recent Examples of emphysema from the Web
Smoking causes lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, and may complicate pregnancy.
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Origin and Etymology of emphysema
New Latin, from Greek emphysēma, from emphysan to inflate, from em- 2en- + physan to blow, from physa breath — more at pustule
First Known Use: circa 1587
EMPHYSEMA Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of emphysema for English Language Learners
medical : a disease in which the lungs become stretched and breathing becomes difficult
EMPHYSEMA Defined for Kids
Definition of emphysema for Students
: a disease in which the lungs become stretched and inefficient
Medical Definition of emphysema
: a condition characterized by air-filled expansions in interstitial or subcutaneous tissues; specifically : a condition of the lung that is marked by distension and eventual rupture of the alveoli with progressive loss of pulmonary elasticity, that is accompanied by shortness of breath with or without cough, and that may lead to impairment of heart action
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