effector

noun
ef·​fec·​tor | \ i-ˈfek-tər How to pronounce effector (audio) , -ˌtȯr \

Definition of effector

1 : a bodily organ (such as a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to stimulation
2 : a molecule (such as an inducer or a corepressor) that activates, controls, or inactivates a process or action (such as protein synthesis)

Examples of effector in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) and transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), like Cas9 nuclease, create double-strand breaks in DNA by cutting both DNA strands. Sharon Begley, STAT, "You had questions for David Liu about CRISPR, prime editing, and advice to young scientists. He has answers," 6 Nov. 2019 The third pillar concerns a shortfall in harnessing alternate effector functions. William Warren, Scientific American, "Sanofi Pasteur: fighting influenza by improving today and innovating for tomorrow," 18 Sep. 2019 The machinery involved are called TALENs (transcription activator-like effector nucleases), which are enzymes that can be customized to snip a targeted spot in a genetic code. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Part cow, part… bacterium? Biotech company makes heifer of gene-editing blunder," 1 Sep. 2019 Recent work in a mouse model of MS has filled in the downstream effectors that mediate testosterone’s protective effects. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Testosterone may protect men from autoimmune diseases," 2 Feb. 2018 These effectors might be useful as therapeutics, whereas testosterone use really isn’t, especially for women, who are the ones who need it most. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Testosterone may protect men from autoimmune diseases," 2 Feb. 2018 So the robot would just be an end effector, just a series of sensors and actuators. Vanityfair.com, VanityFair.com, "Elon Musk’s Billion-Dollar Crusade to Stop the A.I. Apocalypse," 26 Mar. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'effector.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of effector

1906, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for effector

effect entry 2 + -or entry 1 (after receptor)

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Time Traveler for effector

Time Traveler

The first known use of effector was in 1906

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Statistics for effector

Last Updated

21 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Effector.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/effector. Accessed 7 December 2019.

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More Definitions for effector

effector

noun
ef·​fec·​tor | \ i-ˈfek-tər How to pronounce effector (audio) , -ˌtȯ(ə)r How to pronounce effector (audio) \

Medical Definition of effector

1 : a bodily organ (as a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to stimulation
2 : a molecule (as an inducer, a corepressor, or an enzyme) that activates, controls, or inactivates a process or action (as protein synthesis or the release of a second messenger)

More from Merriam-Webster on effector

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with effector

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