effector

noun

ef·​fec·​tor i-ˈfek-tər How to pronounce effector (audio)
-ˌtȯr
plural effectors
1
: one that causes or brings about something
an effector of change
… sheer force of personality as an effector of discipline …Nathaniel Burt
We must be effectors of positive change by supporting the revised science standards in full …Emily Her
2
a
: a bodily tissue, structure, or organ (such as a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to stimulation
Nerve cells (neurons) convey messages by electrical pulses that pass down the nerve fiber (axon) until they reach the junction with the next neuron or an effector such as a muscle.Steven Rose
Motor neurons carry out-going signals from the brain or spinal cord to the effector organs, namely the muscles and glands.Rita L. Atkinson et al.
b
: a molecule (such as an inducer or a corepressor) that activates, controls, or inactivates a process or action (such as protein synthesis)
What are the cell effectors that induce the physiologic turnover of sphingolipids? An obvious set of such effectors includes steroid hormones, tumor necrosis factor … and other chalones and suppressors of cell growth.Yusuf A. Hannun and Robert M. Bell
These … G-proteins, act as intermediates or transducers between the receptor for a given stimulus and the effector protein or enzyme that effects the response to the stimulus …Douglas Kline
c
: effector cell
… the macrophage has a dual role: that of antigen presentation, and, as an activated macrophage, that of an effector.Emil R. Unanue
Cell-surface receptors for immunoglobulins play a vital part in immunity by transporting immunoglobulins or by triggering immune effector functions after antibodies have bound to antigens.Alan F. Williams
3
robotics : end effector
Traditional changeovers are done during a shift, when an operator will unbolt an effector and rebolt another one in its place.Lauren Gibbons Paul

Examples of effector in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Bumps that accommodate control effectors for flaps and so on are on the top of the wings, not the bottom. Jacek Krywko, Ars Technica, 29 Mar. 2024 Genome-editing tools such as zinc finger nucleases and TALENs (transcription activator-like effector nucleases) already existed, but Crispr proved to be far more efficient, not to mention easier and cheaper to use. Emily Mullin, WIRED, 19 Dec. 2023 To regulate temperature, for example, effectors include blood vessels and sweat glands in the skin. Eva Botkin-Kowacki, Popular Science, 28 June 2023 Three things—receptors, an integrating center, and effectors—maintain homeostasis. Eva Botkin-Kowacki, Popular Science, 28 June 2023 Technically, compressed air is not the only option, as a plasma effectors and others methods can also be used to manipulate air flow. Sébastien Roblin, Popular Mechanics, 17 May 2023 In all, Foralumab induces many factors that impact improved tissue remodeling, induction of immune cells, and restriction of effector function, improving disease outcomes while fighting the virus to full strength. William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 16 Mar. 2023 The low-level policies are from RT-1 (Brohan et al., 2022), a transformer model that takes RGB image and natural language instruction, and outputs end-effector control commands. Benj Edwards, Ars Technica, 7 Mar. 2023 The end-effector achieves high accuracy through the use of multiple contact points, compliance, and actuation. IEEE Spectrum, 23 Jan. 2023

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'effector.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

effect entry 2 + -or entry 1 (after receptor)

First Known Use

1586, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of effector was in 1586

Dictionary Entries Near effector

Cite this Entry

“Effector.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/effector. Accessed 23 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition

effector

noun
ef·​fec·​tor i-ˈfek-tər How to pronounce effector (audio)
-ˌtȯ(ə)r
: a bodily part (as a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to stimulation (as by a nerve)

Medical Definition

effector

noun
ef·​fec·​tor i-ˈfek-tər How to pronounce effector (audio) -ˌtȯ(ə)r How to pronounce effector (audio)
1
: a bodily tissue, structure, or organ (as a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to stimulation
Unlike the motor pathways of the somatic nervous system, which usually include a single neuron between the brain or spinal cord and an effector, those of the autonomic system involve two neurons.John W. Hole
2
: a molecule (as an inducer, a corepressor, or an enzyme) that activates, controls, or inactivates a process or action (as protein synthesis or the release of a second messenger)
What are the cell effectors that induce the physiologic turnover of sphingolipids? An obvious set of such effectors includes steroid hormones, tumor necrosis factor … and other chalones and suppressors of cell growth.Yusuf A. Hannun and Robert M. Bell
3
: effector cell
… the macrophage has a dual role: that of antigen presentation, and, as an activated macrophage, that of an effector.Emil R. Unanue
Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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