economics

noun, plural in form but singular or plural in construction eco·nom·ics \ ˌe-kə-ˈnä-miks , ˌē-kə- \
Updated on: 10 Nov 2017

Definition of economics

1 a : a social science concerned chiefly with description and analysis of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
b : economic theory, principles, or practices
  • sound economics
2 : economic aspect or significance
  • the economics of building a new stadium
3 : economic conditions
  • current economics

Recent Examples of economics from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'economics.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of economics

1792


Financial Definition of ECONOMICS

economics

What It Is

Economics is the academic study of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

How It Works

Economics can be broken down into two main disciplines: macroeconomics and microeconomics. Macroeconomics deals with the behavior of economies on a large scale, usually the economies of countries or regions. Microeconomics, on the other hand, usually addresses individual agents.

There are two main approaches taken by economists: Classical and Keynesian. Classical economics is based on the idea that, in general, market economies can function competently, are able to react to changes in equilibrium, and that governments should adopt a "laissez faire" policy toward the economy.

Keynesian economics, first proposed by the English economist John Maynard Keynes, is predicated on the notion that markets tend to react rather slowly to changes in equilibrium (especially price changes), and that active intervention by governments is often the best way to help an economy recover its equilibrium. In the twentieth century, Keynesian economics has become, by and large, the standard approach to dealing with large scale economies.

Why It Matters

The study of economics has spawned numerous theories about the nature of human production and consumption including: Marxist theories of production, the Chicago School, which advocates free market and monetarist approaches, and the Austrian School, whose approach is underscored by the emphasis on stock market price mechanisms.



ECONOMICS Defined for English Language Learners

economics

noun

Definition of economics for English Language Learners

  • : a science concerned with the process or system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought

  • : the part of something that relates to money


ECONOMICS Defined for Kids

economics

noun plural eco·nom·ics \ ˌe-kə-ˈnä-miks , ˌē- \

Definition of economics for Students

: the science concerned with the making, selling, and using of goods and services Hint: Economics can be used as a singular or a plural in writing and speaking.


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