eclamp·​sia | \ i-ˈklam(p)-sē-ə How to pronounce eclampsia (audio) \

Definition of eclampsia

: a convulsive state especially : an attack of convulsions during pregnancy or childbirth

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Other Words from eclampsia

eclamptic \ -​ˈklam(p)-​tik How to pronounce eclamptic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of eclampsia in a Sentence

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Some major pregnancy complications—pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, even still births—are thought to be due to problems in the development of the placenta during the first trimester. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Researchers grow a placenta in a petri dish," 4 Dec. 2018 Hypertensive disorders related to pregnancy including preeclampsia and eclampsia affects an estimated 3 to 10 percent of pregnancies. Olivia Campbell, SELF, "How California Cut Its Maternal Death Rate in Half," 9 Aug. 2018 Analyzing the cell-free RNA might offer insights into that process, as well as into pre-eclampsia, a potentially fatal pregnancy complication. Karen Weintraub, STAT, "Blood test might help predict both preterm and healthy delivery dates," 7 June 2018 But with the development of pre-eclampsia, I was taken in for an urgent C-section that same day. NBC News, "Having a baby after 45: What women need to know," 3 June 2018 The activity of the schizophrenia genes is dialed up especially if the mother has pre-eclampsia or another pregnancy complication. Sharon Begley, STAT, "Schizophrenia ‘risk genes’ are not so risky if the mother’s pregnancy was healthy," 28 May 2018 Josie's life lasted 18 days after being born premature due to pre-eclampsia so the annual #Josiesimpact pay it forward campaign runs 18 days beginning March 18th. Maureen C. Gilmer, Indianapolis Star, "Their baby died after 18 days, but parents turn grief into a campaign of hope on Facebook," 18 Mar. 2018 The woman had a history of pre-eclampsia, a blood-pressure condition that can be fatal for both mother and baby. Peter Jamison, Washington Post, "Dangerous mistakes led to shutdown of United Medical Center obstetrics ward," 14 Aug. 2017 Two days later, a Caesarean section prompted by the beginnings of eclampsia brought Max into the world. Amelia Cheatham,, "Preeclampsia's impact on families, health care costs: Despair in a time of delight," 20 July 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'eclampsia.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of eclampsia

circa 1860, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for eclampsia

borrowed from New Latin, from Greek éklampsis "violent onset, sudden development" (from eklámpein "to shine out, burst forth violently"—from ek- ec- + lámpein "to give light, shine"— + -sis -sis) + New Latin -ia -ia entry 1 — more at lamp

Note: In reference to a complication of pregnancy, short for New Latin eclampsia parturientium "convulsions of those giving birth."

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The first known use of eclampsia was circa 1860

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ec·​lamp·​sia | \ i-ˈklam(p)-sē-ə, e- How to pronounce eclampsia (audio) \

Medical Definition of eclampsia

: a convulsive state : an attack of convulsions: as
a : convulsions or coma late in pregnancy in an individual affected with preeclampsia — compare toxemia of pregnancy
b : a condition comparable to milk fever of cows occurring in domestic animals (as dogs and cats)

Other Words from eclampsia

eclamptic \ i-​ˈklam(p)-​tik, e-​ How to pronounce eclamptic (audio) \ adjective

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