dyslexia

noun
dys·​lex·​ia | \ dis-ˈlek-sē-ə How to pronounce dyslexia (audio) \

Definition of dyslexia

: a variable often familial learning disability involving difficulties in acquiring and processing language that is typically manifested by a lack of proficiency in reading, spelling, and writing

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Other Words from dyslexia

dyslexic \ dis-​ˈlek-​sik How to pronounce dyslexic (audio) \ adjective or noun

Examples of dyslexia in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The results confirmed Isaac had dyslexia and an above-average IQ. USA Today, "Two boys with the same disability tried to get help. The rich student got it quickly. The poor student did not.," 9 Feb. 2020 The teen had struggled over the years with attention deficit, anxiety, dyslexia and other disorders, according to the mother. Annysa Johnson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Grafton appeals decision forcing it to pay $78,000-a-year private school tuition for student with learning disabilities," 16 Aug. 2019 People with dyslexia and other learning disorders also rely on e-books to make reading easier. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Why New Restrictions on Library E-Book Access Are Generating Controversy," 5 Nov. 2019 White, wealthy families Landon and Isaac both have dyslexia and need special schooling. USA Today, "Two boys with the same disability tried to get help. The rich student got it quickly. The poor student did not.," 9 Feb. 2020 King had dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and needed more attention in the classroom. Mary Kilpatrick, cleveland, "2017, the year the opioid crisis peaked in Northeast Ohio: Biggest stories of the 2010s," 24 Dec. 2019 Help out kids with reading barriers BookShare is an e-book library that helps people with dyslexia, learning disabilities, visual impairments, physical disabilities, and other reading barriers to read and enjoy stories. Kelly Corbett, House Beautiful, "9 Ways You Can Virtually Volunteer From Home Right Now," 6 Apr. 2020 Pymetrics, a startup that offers cognitive and behavioral tests, has modified versions of its games for job candidates with color blindness, ADHD, and dyslexia. Ellen Mcgirt, Fortune, "The A.I. in your workplace," 29 Jan. 2020 This difference may contribute to developmental disorders that are diagnosed more often in boys, such as autism and dyslexia—although diagnostic methods may overlook girls. Marcia L. Stefanick, Scientific American, "Doctors Must Dig into Gender Difference to Improve Women’s Health Care," 1 Sep. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dyslexia.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of dyslexia

circa 1888, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for dyslexia

earlier, "impairment in the ability to read due to a brain injury," borrowed from French & German; French dyslexie, borrowed from German Dyslexie, from dys- dys- + -lexie (in Alexie alexia)

Note: German Dyslexie was introduced by the ophthalmologist Rudolf Berlin (1833-97), apparently first in print in Medicinisches Correspondenzblatt des Württembergischen Ärztlichen Landesvereins, vol. 53 (1883), p. 209. Berlin gave an oral presentation on dyslexia at a professional meeting in June, 1883 ("VIII. Wandersammlung der Südwestdeutschen Neurologen und Irrenärtze in Baden", published in Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, Band 15 [1884], pp. 276-78) in which he explained the coinage as follows: "Die mehr oder weniger deutlich ausgesprochene Plötzlichkeit, mit welcher die Krankheit auftritt und die begleitenden, resp. im Verlaufe sich entwickelnden cerebrale Symptome machen es höchst wahrscheinlich dass die pathologisch-anatomische Ursache der Lesestörung ebenfalls eine cerebrale ist. Redner bezeichnete die letzere deshalb, um diese Auffassung zu markiren, nach Analogie des gebräuchlichen Ausdruckes Alexie als 'Dyslexie.' Dabei macht er auf die etymologischen Bedenken aufmerksam, welche diese Bezeichnung entgegenstehen, die Aufstellung eines physiologisch weniger anfechtbaren Ausdruckes anheimgebend." ("The more or less clearly pronounced suddenness with which the disorder appears, and the cerebral symptoms that accompany it or develop in its course, make it highly probable that the pathological and anatomical cause of the disturbance in reading is likewise a cerebral one. To make this conception clear, the speaker [i.e., Berlin] therefore designates the disturbance, by analogy with the customary expression alexia, as 'dyslexia.' At the same time while he draws attention to the etymological reservations that might oppose this designation, he yields to the establishment of an expression less contestable physiologically.")

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Time Traveler for dyslexia

Time Traveler

The first known use of dyslexia was circa 1888

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Statistics for dyslexia

Last Updated

5 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Dyslexia.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dyslexia. Accessed 5 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for dyslexia

dyslexia

noun
How to pronounce dyslexia (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of dyslexia

medical : a condition in the brain that makes it hard for a person to read, write, and spell

dyslexia

noun
dys·​lex·​ia | \ dis-ˈlek-sē-ə How to pronounce dyslexia (audio) \

Kids Definition of dyslexia

: a learning disability in which a person usually has a problem in reading, spelling, and writing

Other Words from dyslexia

dyslexic \ -​ˈlek-​sik \ adjective

dyslexia

noun
dys·​lex·​ia | \ dis-ˈlek-sē-ə How to pronounce dyslexia (audio) \

Medical Definition of dyslexia

: a variable often familial learning disability that involves difficulties in acquiring and processing language and that is typically manifested by a lack of proficiency in reading, spelling, and writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on dyslexia

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with dyslexia

Spanish Central: Translation of dyslexia

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about dyslexia

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