dwarf

noun, often attributive
\ ˈdwȯrf How to pronounce dwarf (audio) \
plural dwarfs\ ˈdwȯrfs How to pronounce dwarfs (audio) \ also dwarves\ ˈdwȯrvz How to pronounce dwarves (audio) \

Definition of dwarf

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a person of unusually small stature (see stature sense 1) especially : a person whose height does not exceed 4' 10" and is typically less than 4' 5"
2 : an animal or plant much below normal size
3 folklore : a small legendary manlike being who is usually misshapen and ugly and skilled as a craftsman
4 astronomy : a star (such as the sun) of ordinary or low luminosity and relatively small mass and size
5 : an insignificant person a literary dwarf

dwarf

verb
dwarfed; dwarfing; dwarfs

Definition of dwarf (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to cause to appear smaller or to seem inferior dwarfed by his older brother has dwarfed the achievements of her predecessors
2 : to restrict the growth of : stunt children dwarfed by malnutrition

intransitive verb

: to become smaller

dwarf

adjective

Definition of dwarf (Entry 3 of 3)

of a plant
: low-growing in habit a dwarf peach tree dwarfer forms of citrus

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Other Words from dwarf

Noun

dwarfish \ ˈdwȯr-​fish How to pronounce dwarfish (audio) \ adjective
dwarfishly adverb
dwarfishness noun
dwarflike \ ˈdwȯrf-​ˌlīk How to pronounce dwarflike (audio) \ adjective
dwarfness \ ˈdwȯrf-​nəs How to pronounce dwarfness (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for dwarf

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Noun

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Examples of dwarf in a Sentence

Noun Shetland ponies are the dwarfs of the horse world. Snow White and the seven dwarfs. Verb shrubs dwarfed by the lack of water
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Set in the fictional world of Middle Earth, where elves, dwarves and orcs are as common as humans, a hobbit named Bilbo Baggins is thrust into an adventure that will change his life. Meghan Herbst, Wired, "Hey Kids! Read These Books on Your Very. Long. Summer," 20 May 2020 Medium plants would be Pixie Meadowbrite Coneflower, native or Rudbeckia cultivars, dwarf garden Phlox. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "7 ways to improve your home's curb appeal, for all those now walking by," 14 May 2020 Usually in fiction there is some kind of redemption: Romulus and Remus are saved by a she-wolf; Snow White is rescued by dwarfs; and even Hansel and Gretel, facing certain doom in the gingerbread house, find their way home. Michael Bond, Wired, "Why Humans Totally Freak Out When They Get Lost," 13 May 2020 Grass: Shibley recommends tough, hardy grasses from seed or sod like dwarf fescue, which is drought-tolerant, robust and resilient in sun or shade. oregonlive, "Mow a design in your lawn for World Labyrinth Day, stay calm during the coronavirus pandemic," 28 Apr. 2020 Cauliflower and Dwarf Zinnias The nectar from the dwarf zinnias lures ladybugs and other predators that help protect cauliflower. The Editors, Good Housekeeping, "26 Plants You Should Always Grow Side-By-Side," 24 Apr. 2020 Nonetheless, Mahoning’s total deaths attributed to the virus dwarf other counties. Rich Exner, cleveland, "Youngstown area becomes a top coronavirus spot; Mahoning County No. 1 for deaths, per-capita case rate," 1 Apr. 2020 The incredible data from Kepler reveals a 30-day period during which the dwarf nova rapidly became 1,600 times brighter before dimming quickly and gradually returning to its normal brightness. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "Vampire star system shows one star gorging on another," 24 Jan. 2020 One weird dwarf The white dwarf in question, WD J091405.30+191412.25 (the authors refer to it affectionately as WD J0914+1914), was initially identified as having hydrogen on its surface. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "White dwarf star covering itself with the atmosphere of a hot Neptune," 5 Dec. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb That number is dwarfed by the $42.463 million UW expects to receive in 2020-21 from Big Ten media rights. Jeff Potrykus, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "A study released last fall hints at how big a hit the state economy would take if UW can’t play football," 22 May 2020 That would dwarf the S$230 million provided in response to the SARS outbreak in 2003, Citi analysts Wei Zheng Kit and Kai Wei Ang said in a Feb. 11 research note. Michelle Jamrisko, Bloomberg.com, "Singapore Plans Strong Budget Stimulus to Counter Virus Threat," 5 May 2020 Its heavy drums and string arrangement are only dwarfed by Houston’s seemingly limitless vocal power throughout multiple false endings. cleveland, "90 greatest Rock and Roll Hall of Fame songs of the 1990s," 29 Apr. 2020 The strong fundraising numbers dwarf the $60 million raised in January. Mike Brest, Washington Examiner, "GOP 'juggernaut' raises more than $86M in February," 2 Mar. 2020 The huge trees’ shade has dwarfed our trees, and their shade has caused our lawngrass to thin and die. Neil Sperry, ExpressNews.com, "Garden murder mysteries: What killed this Indian Hawthorn, Asian jasmine, St. Augustine grass and yaupon holly?," 26 Dec. 2019 That work represented $18 million in billings for Parscale Strategy since he was named 2020 campaign manager, dwarfing the $4.8 million his companies have received directly from Trump committees. Peter Elkind, ProPublica, "The Myths of the “Genius” Behind Trump’s Reelection Campaign," 11 Sep. 2019 Related Articles And, in truth, the celebrity Armstrong faced on his return dwarfed everyone’s expectations and was a factor in his eventual divorce. Kenneth Turan, Twin Cities, "‘Armstrong’ documentary examines the man behind the moon landing," 16 July 2019 And, in truth, the celebrity Armstrong faced on his return dwarfed everyone’s expectations and was a factor in his eventual divorce. Kenneth Turan, latimes.com, "Review: ‘Armstrong’ examines the man behind the moon landing," 11 July 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Nearby: To buy dwarf car paraphernalia such as T-shirts, books, DVDs and magnets, visit the Dwarf Car Gift Shop a block away at Flat Tire Springs. Roger Naylor, azcentral, "Dwarf cars: Street-legal replicas of classic rides are made in AZ. Here's where to see them," 27 Mar. 2020 Zones: 7 to 9 Little Ollie Montra Dwarf Olive (Olea europaea 'Montra') This dwarf evergreen has deep green leaves with silvery undersides and can be potted or sheared into a hedge. Arricca Sansone, Country Living, "20 Best Boxwood Shrubs to Plant in Your Garden," 14 Feb. 2019 For a pink dwarf crape myrtle, the experts identified Pokomoto as a selection to consider. Calvin Finch, San Antonio Express-News, "There’s a lot to love about crape myrtles," 6 July 2018 Dwarf irises Why grow them: My bright-purple reticulatas reliably bloom in the first weeks of March, sticking their speckled tongues out at raging wind. Susan Clotfelter, The Denver Post, "Ten plants that even a black-thumb gardener can’t kill," 31 Mar. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dwarf.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of dwarf

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

circa 1626, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 2

Adjective

1597, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for dwarf

Noun, Verb, and Adjective

Middle English dwerg, dwerf, from Old English dweorg, dweorh; akin to Old High German twerg dwarf

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Time Traveler for dwarf

Time Traveler

The first known use of dwarf was before the 12th century

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Statistics for dwarf

Last Updated

2 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Dwarf.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dwarf. Accessed 6 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for dwarf

dwarf

noun

Financial Definition of dwarf

What It Is

In the mortgage business, a dwarf is a group of mortgage-backed securities that mature in fewer than 15 years. The Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA or Fannie Mae) issues dwarves.

How It Works

Mortgage-backed securities (MBS) are securities that represent an interest in a pool of mortgage loans. Let's assume you want to buy a house, so you get a mortgage from XYZ Bank. XYZ Bank transfers money into your account, and you agree to repay the money according to a set schedule. XYZ Bank (which could also be a thrift, credit union, or other originator) may then choose to hold the mortgage in its portfolio (i.e., simply collect the interest and principal payments over the next several years) or sell it.

If XYZ Bank sells the mortgage, it gets cash to make other loans. So let's assume that XYZ Bank sells your mortgage to Fannie Mae. Fannie Mae groups your mortgage with similar mortgages it has already purchased (referred to as "pooling" the mortgages). The mortgages in the pool have common characteristics (i.e., similar interest rates, maturities). Pools that mature in fewer than 15 years make up dwarves.

Fannie Mae then sells securities that represent an interest in the dwarves, of which your mortgage is a small part (called securitizing the pool). It sells these MBS to investors in the open market. With the funds from the sale of the MBS, Fannie Mae can purchase more mortgages and create more MBS.

Why It Matters

For investors, an MBS is much like a bond, and dwarves are relatively short-term bonds in this sense However, it is important to note that payments that are part interest and part principal could be unfavorable to some dwarf investors, because with each decrease in outstanding principal there is a corresponding decrease in the amount of interest that accrues. The return of principal could also vary depending on how quickly the underlying mortgages are repaid.

Fannie Mae guarantees the timely payment of interest and principal on the MBS they issue -- that is, if the borrowers do not make their mortgage payments on time, Fannie Mae will still make timely interest and principal payments to their MBS investors. It is important to note that the U.S. government does not guarantee Fannie Mae. That is, if it cannot fulfill their obligations to its MBS investors, the government has no responsibility to rescue it.

Source: Investing Answers

dwarf

noun
How to pronounce dwarf (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of dwarf

 (Entry 1 of 3)

in stories : a creature that looks like a small man and that often lives underground and has magical powers
sometimes offensive : a person who is much smaller than most people because of a medical condition

dwarf

verb

English Language Learners Definition of dwarf (Entry 2 of 3)

: to make (something) look very small or unimportant when compared with something else

dwarf

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of dwarf (Entry 3 of 3)

of a plant or animal : smaller than normal size

dwarf

noun
\ ˈdwȯrf How to pronounce dwarf (audio) \
plural dwarfs\ ˈdwȯrfs \ also dwarves\ ˈdwȯrvz \

Kids Definition of dwarf

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a person, animal, or plant much smaller than normal size
2 : a creature in legends that is usually pictured as a small person who is skilled at some craft

dwarf

verb
dwarfed; dwarfing

Kids Definition of dwarf (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause to appear smaller Our car was dwarfed by the giant redwood trees.

dwarf

adjective

Kids Definition of dwarf (Entry 3 of 3)

: of less than the usual size dwarf pine trees

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dwarf

noun, often attributive
\ ˈdwȯ(ə)rf How to pronounce dwarf (audio) \
plural dwarfs\ ˈdwȯ(ə)rfs How to pronounce dwarfs (audio) \ also dwarves\ ˈdwȯ(ə)rvz How to pronounce dwarves (audio) \

Medical Definition of dwarf

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person of unusually small stature especially : a person whose height does not exceed 4 feet 10 inches (1.47 meters) and is typically less than 4 feet 5 inches (1.35 meters)
2 : an animal much below normal size

Medical Definition of dwarf (Entry 2 of 2)

: to restrict the growth of : stunt

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More from Merriam-Webster on dwarf

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for dwarf

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with dwarf

Spanish Central: Translation of dwarf

Nglish: Translation of dwarf for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of dwarf for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about dwarf

Comments on dwarf

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