dopamine

noun

do·​pa·​mine ˈdō-pə-ˌmēn How to pronounce dopamine (audio)
: a monoamine C8H11NO2 that is a decarboxylated form of dopa and that occurs especially as a neurotransmitter in the brain

Examples of dopamine in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Using our hands stimulates these neurons, triggering an immediate response in the brain—bathing it in oxytocin, dopamine, and serotonin, the hormones associated with pleasure. Ayelet Waldman, The New Yorker, 30 Mar. 2024 These public displays of self-worth can be great for a dopamine hit, but ironically, thrive-posting may hold people back from truly moving on. Isle McElroy, The Atlantic, 16 Feb. 2024 Enjoy a Boost of Dopamine and Serotonin Diving and being in the moment will give you happy hormones, known as dopamine and serotonin. Judy Koutsky, Forbes, 11 Feb. 2024 For example, the striatum, which is rich with dopamine receptors and with oxytocin receptors, is influenced by the process of caring for young and mating — and cocaine, by the way. Quanta Magazine, 15 Feb. 2024 It’s connected to confidence, with its attendant rush of dopamine, and to joy. Louisa Thomas, The New Yorker, 11 Feb. 2024 For example, alcohol can cause an alternative form of a gene to be expressed in the memory circuits in flies and people, resulting in changes in dopamine receptors and transcription factors involved in reward signaling and neuronal function. Karla Kaun, Discover Magazine, 26 Jan. 2024 Through consistent physical activity, individuals can stimulate the production of dopamine, fostering a positive impact on their mental state. 5. Maeghan Dolph, Fox News, 21 Jan. 2024 Over time, the brain adapts to these high levels of dopamine; when the child is not engaged in digital activity, their brain doesn’t have enough dopamine, and the child experiences withdrawal symptoms. Jonathan Haidt, The Atlantic, 13 Mar. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'dopamine.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

dopa + amine

First Known Use

1959, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of dopamine was in 1959

Dictionary Entries Near dopamine

Cite this Entry

“Dopamine.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dopamine. Accessed 17 Apr. 2024.

Medical Definition

dopamine

noun
do·​pa·​mine ˈdō-pə-ˌmēn How to pronounce dopamine (audio)
: a monoamine C8H11NO2 that is a decarboxylated form of dopa and occurs especially as a neurotransmitter in the brain and as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of epinephrine see intropin

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