dendritic cell

noun

: any of various antigen-presenting cells with long irregular processes

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN): Formerly called natural killer cell leukemia/lymphoma, per the LLS, BPDCN is a rare combination of leukemia and lymphoma. Barbara Brody, Health.com, 30 Sep. 2021 At the age of 12, she was diagnosed with blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) and had to be in isolation for 100 days in her hospital room to receive a stem cell transplant. Heran Mamo, Billboard, 13 Nov. 2020 The human dermis is awash with dendritic cells that act like scouts, moving around the skin and searching for foreign pathogens. Andrew Zaleski, Popular Mechanics, 29 Apr. 2020 Ongoing projects include a clinical trial to infuse regulatory dendritic cells in liver transplant patients prior to surgery, with the hope of putting an end to toxic immunosuppression regimens. Scientific American, 24 Mar. 2020 Pegtel and colleagues started with two types of immune cells; B cells, a type of white blood cell, infected with the virus, and dendritic cells, which sense viral invaders and alert other immune cells. Quanta Magazine, 8 Nov. 2013 The dendritic cells were genetically engineered to glow until microRNAs that the virus had forced the B cells to produce traveled across the barrier and quieted the glowing genes. Quanta Magazine, 8 Nov. 2013 Analyzing patterns of gene expression in individual human immune system cells, the researchers refined the definitions of the types known as dendritic cells and monocytes and identified a novel type that had been overlooked. Quanta Magazine, 12 July 2017 Among a second cohort of 10 patients who got bevacizumab and dendritic cell vaccine alone (but no cyclophosphamide), only 30 percent survived to the two-year mark. Melissa Healy, Washington Post, 22 Apr. 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dendritic cell.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

First Known Use

1934, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of dendritic cell was in 1934

Dictionary Entries Near dendritic cell

Cite this Entry

“Dendritic cell.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dendritic%20cell. Accessed 7 Dec. 2022.

Medical Definition

dendritic cell

noun

: any of various antigen-presenting cells with long irregular processes
Dendritic cells play a key role in activating an immune response—whether against a foreign microbe or a damaged body cell … Patrick Barry, Science News
Dendritic cells' key role in priming the immune system gives them formidable potential as therapeutic vaccines for fighting cancers and viruses such as HIV. Scientific American
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