deconstruction

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noun de·con·struc·tion \ ˌdē-kən-ˈstrək-shən \

Definition of deconstruction

1 :a philosophical or critical method which asserts that meanings, metaphysical constructs, and hierarchical oppositions (as between key terms in a philosophical or literary work) are always rendered unstable by their dependence on ultimately arbitrary signifiers; also :an instance of the use of this method
  • a deconstruction of the nature–culture opposition in Rousseau's work
2 :the analytic examination of something (such as a theory) often in order to reveal its inadequacy

Examples of deconstruction in a Sentence

  1. a lengthy deconstruction of the president's speech by a panel of pundits

Recent Examples of deconstruction from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deconstruction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Did You Know?

Deconstruction doesn't actually mean "demolition;" instead it means "breaking down" or analyzing something (especially the words in a work of fiction or nonfiction) to discover its true significance, which is supposedly almost never exactly what the author intended. A feminist may deconstruct an old novel to show how even an innocent-seeming story somehow depends on the oppression of women. A new western may deconstruct the myths of the old West and show lawmen as vicious and criminals as flawed but decent. Table manners, The Sound of Music, and cosmetics ads have all been the subjects of deconstructionist analysis. Of course, not everyone agrees with deconstructionist interpretations, and some people reject the whole idea of deconstruction, but most of us have run into it by now even if we didn't realize it.

Origin and Etymology of deconstruction

French déconstruction, from dé- de- + construction


DECONSTRUCTION Defined for English Language Learners

deconstruction

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noun

Definition of deconstruction for English Language Learners

  • : a theory used in the study of literature or philosophy which says that a piece of writing does not have just one meaning and that the meaning depends on the reader



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