cytoskeleton

noun
cy·​to·​skel·​e·​ton | \ ˌsī-tə-ˈske-lə-tən How to pronounce cytoskeleton (audio) \

Definition of cytoskeleton

: the network of protein filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm that controls cell shape, maintains intracellular organization, and is involved in cell movement

Other Words from cytoskeleton

cytoskeletal \ ˌsī-​tə-​ˈske-​lə-​tᵊl How to pronounce cytoskeleton (audio) \ adjective

Examples of cytoskeleton in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web There are other structures and mechanisms (the cytoskeleton, for instance, the extracellular matrix, bioelectricity, or even simple protein clumping) that could conceivably be tasked with encoding memories. Jennifer Frazer, Scientific American, 28 May 2021 The cytoskeleton consists of a vast network of different kinds of fibers - microtubules, actin filaments, and intermediate filaments - that are continuously extending and retracting. Gabriel A. Silva, Forbes, 27 Apr. 2021 The same year, biophysicist Michael Rosen of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and colleagues showed that three proteins that collaborate to organize part of the cytoskeleton form liquid droplets in a test tube solution. Mitch Leslie, Science | AAAS, 21 Jan. 2021 The therapy is designed to treat a form of Duchenne muscular dystrophy caused by mutations in the RNA that codes for the protein that helps to connect muscle fibers’ cytoskeletons to a surrounding matrix. Jim Daley, Scientific American, 24 Dec. 2019 Loki has a number of genes typically found in eukaryotes, including genes linked to the dynamic, shape-shifting cytoskeleton. Quanta Magazine, 29 Oct. 2015 In the case of slime molds, their cytoskeleton may form smart, complex networks able to process sensory information. Katia Moskvitch, WIRED, 14 July 2018 That means making sure the cells have myosin and actin — two proteins that are key to forming the cellular cytoskeleton, and to building muscle filaments. Noah Shachtman, WIRED, 25 Mar. 2009

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cytoskeleton.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of cytoskeleton

1936, in the meaning defined above

Learn More About cytoskeleton

Time Traveler for cytoskeleton

Time Traveler

The first known use of cytoskeleton was in 1936

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near cytoskeleton

cytosine

cytoskeleton

cytosol

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for cytoskeleton

Cite this Entry

“Cytoskeleton.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cytoskeleton. Accessed 25 Jan. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for cytoskeleton

cytoskeleton

noun
cy·​to·​skel·​e·​ton | \ ˌsīt-ō-ˈskel-ət-ᵊn How to pronounce cytoskeleton (audio) \

Medical Definition of cytoskeleton

: the network of protein filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm that controls cell shape, maintains intracellular organization, and is involved in cell movement

Other Words from cytoskeleton

cytoskeletal \ -​ᵊl How to pronounce cytoskeleton (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on cytoskeleton

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cytoskeleton

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Name that Thing: Flower Edition

Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!