corundum

noun
co·​run·​dum | \ kə-ˈrən-dəm How to pronounce corundum (audio) \

Definition of corundum

: a very hard mineral that consists of aluminum oxide occurring in massive and crystalline forms, that can be synthesized, and that is used for gemstones (such as ruby and sapphire) and as an abrasive

Examples of corundum in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web According to a new study, the night side is cold enough to form metal clouds of iron and corundum. Joshua Hawkins, BGR, 25 Feb. 2022 The temperature differences between the two sides of the planet also mean that the nightside is cool enough for metal clouds made of iron and corundum to form. Ashley Strickland, CNN, 21 Feb. 2022 Known for their red color, rubies are part of the corundum family of gemstones, which are gems that are compact and dense, according to the International Gem Society. Jordan Mendoza, USA TODAY, 27 Oct. 2021 Left side: 31 round diamonds, blue corundum stone and bricks and ivy silhouette. Kori Rumore, chicagotribune.com, 18 Oct. 2021 With a Mohs hardness score just a point shy of diamond’s, corundum becomes a red ruby through the timely addition of chromium atoms. Natalie Angier, New York Times, 11 Dec. 2017 After all, sapphires and rubies are built of the same basic mineral, corundum, a crystallized collaboration of aluminum and oxygen that would be transparent and colorless if not for some artful chemical doping. Natalie Angier, New York Times, 11 Dec. 2017 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'corundum.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of corundum

1804, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for corundum

Tamil kuruntam; akin to Sanskrit kuruvinda ruby

Learn More About corundum

Time Traveler for corundum

Time Traveler

The first known use of corundum was in 1804

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near corundum

corundophilite

corundum

coruscant

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for corundum

Cite this Entry

“Corundum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/corundum. Accessed 22 May. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for corundum

corundum

noun
co·​run·​dum | \ kə-ˈrən-dəm How to pronounce corundum (audio) \

Medical Definition of corundum

: a very hard mineral Al2O3 that consists of alumina occurring in massive form and as variously colored crystals which include the ruby and sapphire

More from Merriam-Webster on corundum

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about corundum

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Great Words for Scrabble

  • scrabble tiles that read scrabble quiz
  • Which of the following Q-without-U words means the number five in cards or dice?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!