correlation

noun

cor·​re·​la·​tion ˌkȯr-ə-ˈlā-shən How to pronounce correlation (audio)
ˌkär-
1
: the state or relation of being correlated
specifically : a relation existing between phenomena or things or between mathematical or statistical variables which tend to vary, be associated, or occur together in a way not expected on the basis of chance alone
… the obviously high positive correlation between scholastic aptitude and college entrance … James B. Conant
2
: the act of correlating
correlational
ˌkȯr-ə-ˈlā-shnəl How to pronounce correlation (audio)
-shə-nᵊl
ˌkär-
adjective

Example Sentences

the correlation of brain size and intelligence Researchers have found a direct correlation between smoking and lung cancer. She says that there's no correlation between being thin and being happy.
Recent Examples on the Web The correlation between my belief in the stars and being in a relationship! Hannah Coates, Vogue, 28 Nov. 2022 According to your research, what’s the correlation between Black Activism and disability advocacy work? Lynnette Nicholas, Essence, 25 Oct. 2022 There’s also a strong correlation with Par 5 Efficiency and finishing position. Nick Hennion, Chicago Tribune, 11 Oct. 2022 Second, the study showed correlation, not necessarily causation. David Meyer, Fortune, 10 Aug. 2022 Mexico, meanwhile, sees its highest correlation with Bolivia and Ecuador, each at 58%, with Chile ranked third, with 56% of its most consumed repertoire overlapping with Mexico’s top tunes. Geoff Mayfield, Variety, 14 July 2022 Fundamentally, this correlation—between the price of the QQQ QQQ -0.8%s and HTGC’s underlying business—may be a stretch. Brett Owens, Forbes, 9 June 2022 And research shows a major correlation between declines in poverty and the distribution of those checks and other pandemic era relief, like the stimulus checks. Taylor Wilson, USA TODAY, 24 Mar. 2022 There is a solid -- if not perfect -- correlation between high retirement levels and House seat losses. Chris Cillizza, CNN, 16 Feb. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'correlation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Medieval Latin correlation-, correlatio, from Latin com- + relation-, relatio relation

First Known Use

1561, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of correlation was in 1561

Dictionary Entries Near correlation

Cite this Entry

“Correlation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/correlation. Accessed 9 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

correlation

noun
cor·​re·​la·​tion ˌkȯr-ə-ˈlā-shən How to pronounce correlation (audio)
ˌkär-
1
: the act or process of correlating
2
: the state of being correlated
especially : a mutual relation discovered to exist between things
the correlation between smoking and lung cancer
correlational
-shnəl How to pronounce correlation (audio)
-shən-ᵊl
adjective
Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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