condottiere

noun
con·​dot·​tie·​re | \ ˌkän-də-ˈtyer-ē How to pronounce condottiere (audio) , ˌkän-ˌdä-tē-ˈer- \
plural condottieri\ ˌkän-​də-​ˈtyer-​ē How to pronounce condottiere (audio) , ˌkän-​ˌdä-​tē-​ˈer-​ \

Definition of condottiere

1 : a leader of a band of mercenaries common in Europe between the 14th and 16th centuries also : a member of such a band
2 : a mercenary soldier

First Known Use of condottiere

1794, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for condottiere

borrowed from Italian condottiero, condottiere, from condotta "command, contract between the commander of a mercenary company and a prince or commune, company of mercenary soldiers" (noun derivative from feminine of condotto, past participle of condurre "to lead, direct," going back to Latin condūcere "to bring together, join, hire") + -iero, -iere, agent suffix (borrowed from Middle French -ier) -ier — more at conduce

Note: On the change of sense shown by the Romance descendants of Latin condūcere see note at conduce.

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The first known use of condottiere was in 1794

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Condorcet

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Cite this Entry

“Condottiere.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/condottiere. Accessed 18 Aug. 2022.

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Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about condottiere

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