closed shop


Definition of closed shop

1 : an establishment in which the employer by agreement hires only union members in good standing
2 : an exclusive group or establishment

First Known Use of closed shop

1903, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Time Traveler for closed shop

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The first known use of closed shop was in 1903

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Cite this Entry

“Closed shop.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 17 January 2020.

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closed shop


Legal Definition of closed shop

: a business in which the employer by agreement hires and retains only union members — see also Labor Management Relations Act — compare open shop, union shop

Note: Closed shops are illegal under the Labor Management Relations Act.

More from Merriam-Webster on closed shop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with closed shop Encyclopedia article about closed shop

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a plan in which a last survivor takes all

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