1

close

verb \ ˈklōz \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of close

closed; closing
transitive verb
1 a : to move so as to bar passage through something
  • close the gate
b : to block against entry or passage
  • close a street
c : to deny access to
  • the city closed the beach
d : screen, exclude
  • close a view
e : to suspend or stop the operations of
  • close school
often used with down
  • They closed down the factory.
2 archaic : enclose, contain
3 a : to bring to an end or period
  • close an account
  • closed his football career with an outstanding big bowl performance
  • Investigators closed the case after concluding that his death was accidental.
b : to conclude discussion or negotiation about
  • The question is closed.
; also : to consummate (see 2consummate 2) by performing something previously agreed
  • close a transfer of real estate title
c : to terminate access to (a computer file or program)
  • Remember to save the file before closing it.
4 a : to bring or bind together the parts or edges of
  • a closed book
b : to fill up (something, such as an opening)
  • close the cracks with plaster of paris
c : to make complete by circling or enveloping or by making continuous
  • close a circuit
d : to reduce to nil
  • closed the distance to the lead racer
intransitive verb
1 a : to contract, fold, swing, or slide so as to leave no opening
  • the door closed quietly
b : to cease operation
  • the factory closed down
  • the stores close at 9 p.m.
2 a : to draw near
  • the ship was closing with the island
b : to engage in a struggle at close quarters : grapple
  • close with the enemy
3 a : to come together : meet
  • The jaws of the vise closed.
b : to draw the free foot up to the supporting foot in dancing
4 : to enter into or complete an agreement
  • close on a deal
5 : to come to an end or period
  • the services closed with a short prayer
6 : to reduce a gap
  • closed to within two points

closable

or closeable play \ˈklō-zə-bəl\ adjective
close one's doors
1 : to refuse admission
  • the nation closed its doors to immigrants
2 : to go out of business
  • The furniture store closed its doors last week.
close one's eyes to
: to ignore deliberately
  • Officials closed their eyes to allegations of child abuse at the day care center.
close ranks
: to unite in a concerted stand especially to meet a challenge
  • The family closed ranks to protect one of their own.
close the door
: to be uncompromisingly obstructive
  • closed the door to further negotiation

Examples of close in a Sentence

  1. We had better close the windows; it looks like it's going to rain.

  2. I forgot to close the gate.

  3. She was having trouble closing the drawer.

  4. Close the lid on the box tightly.

  5. The door opened and closed so quietly that I didn't notice he had come in the room.

  6. The box's lid closed with a bang.

  7. Remember to close the box of cereal when you're done.

  8. Please close your books and put them under your desks.

  9. Close your eyes and go to sleep.

  10. I closed my fists and got ready to fight.

Origin and Etymology of close

Middle English, from Anglo-French clos-, stem of clore, from Latin claudere to shut, close; perhaps akin to Greek kleiein to close — more at clavicle

close Synonyms

Synonyms
make [chiefly dialect], shut, steek [chiefly Scottish]
Antonyms
open
Related Words
bar, batten (down), bolt, chain, fasten, latch, lock; plug, seal, stopper; secure; bang, clap, slam
Near Antonyms
unbar, unbolt, unchain, unfasten, unlatch, unlock, unseal

Synonym Discussion of close

close, end, conclude, finish, complete, terminate mean to bring or come to a stopping point or limit. close usually implies that something has been in some way open as well as unfinished.
    • close a debate
end conveys a strong sense of finality.
    • ended his life
conclude may imply a formal closing (as of a meeting).
    • the service concluded with a blessing
finish may stress completion of a final step in a process.
    • after it is painted, the house will be finished
complete implies the removal of all deficiencies or a successful finishing of what has been undertaken.
    • the resolving of this last issue completes the agreement
terminate implies the setting of a limit in time or space.
    • your employment terminates after three months

2

close

noun \ ˈklōz \

Definition of close

1 a : a coming or bringing to a conclusion
  • at the close of the party
b : a conclusion or end in time or existence : cessation
  • the decade drew to a close
c : the concluding passage (as of a speech or play)
  • At the close of his speech, he thanked his supporters.
2 : the conclusion of a musical strain or period : cadence
  • Following the close of the symphony, the audience rose and applauded.
3 archaic : a hostile encounter
4 : the movement of the free foot in dancing toward or into contact with the supporting foot

Origin and Etymology of close

see 1close


3

close

noun \ ˈklōs , U.S. also ˈklōz \

Definition of close

1 a : an enclosed area
b chiefly British : the precinct (see precinct 2a) of a cathedral
2 chiefly British
a : a narrow passage leading from a street to a court and the houses within or to the common stairway of tenements
b : a road closed at one end

Origin and Etymology of close

Middle English clos, literally, enclosure, from Anglo-French clos, from Latin clausum, from neuter of clausus, past participle


4

close

adjective \ ˈklōs \

Definition of close

closer; closest
1 : having no openings : closed
2 a : confined or carefully guarded
  • close arrest
  • close quarters
b (1) of a vowel : high 13
(2) : formed with the tongue in a higher position than for the other vowel of a pair
  • Italian has a close and an open e.
3 : restricted to a privileged class
  • a close scholarship
4 a : secluded, secret
b : secretive
  • she could tell us something if she would … but she was as close as wax
  • —A. Conan Doyle
5 : strict, rigorous
  • keep close watch
6 : hot and stuffy
  • a room with an uncomfortably close atmosphere
7 : not generous in giving or spending : tight
  • a close buyer and a good marketer
  • —W. A. White
8 : having little space between items or units
  • a close weave
  • a close grain
9 a : fitting tightly or exactly
  • a close fit
b : very short or near to the surface
  • a close haircut
10 : being near in time, space, effect, or degree
  • at close range
  • close to my birthday
  • close to the speed of sound
11 : intimate, familiar
  • close friends
12 a : very precise and attentive to details
  • a close reading
  • a close study
b : marked by fidelity to an original
  • a close copy of an old master
c : terse, compact
  • his exact, close, sober classical style
  • —Edmund Wilson
13 : decided or won by a narrow margin
  • a close baseball game
14 : difficult to obtain
  • money is close
15 of punctuation : characterized by liberal use especially of commas

closely

adverb

closeness

noun
close to home
: within one's personal interests so that one is strongly affected
  • the speaker's remarks hit close to home
close to the bone
: within a sensitive or personal area
  • the criticism cut close to the bone
close to the vest
: in a reserved or cautious manner
  • She tends to keep her opinions close to the vest.

Examples of close in a Sentence

  1. We're not there yet, but we're getting close.

  2. We stood close together to stay warm.

  3. Christmas is getting closer and will soon be here.

  4. Their daughters are close in age.

  5. close in size and shape

Origin and Etymology of close

Middle English clos, from Anglo-French, from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere — see 1close

Synonym Discussion of close

stingy, close, niggardly, parsimonious, penurious, miserly mean being unwilling or showing unwillingness to share with others. stingy implies a marked lack of generosity.
    • a stingy child, not given to sharing
close suggests keeping a tight grip on one's money and possessions.
    • folks who are very close when charity calls
niggardly implies giving or spending the very smallest amount possible.
    • the niggardly amount budgeted for the town library
parsimonious suggests a frugality so extreme as to lead to stinginess.
    • a parsimonious lifestyle notably lacking in luxuries
penurious implies niggardliness that gives an appearance of actual poverty.
    • the penurious eccentric bequeathed a fortune
miserly suggests a sordid avariciousness and a morbid pleasure in hoarding.
    • a miserly couple devoid of social conscience

5

close

adverb \ ˈklōs \

Definition of close

: in a close position or manner
  • Don't drive so close to the car in front of you.
  • Look close and tell me what you see.
  • They sat close together on the bench.

Examples of close in a Sentence

  1. Don't drive so close to the car in front of you.

  2. He told me to stay close as we walked through the crowd.

  3. The time for a decision is drawing closer.

  4. My teammate came in third, and I finished close behind.

  5. They sat close together at the dinner table.

First Known Use of close

15th century

close Synonyms


Close

biographical name \ ˈklōz , commonly ˈklōs \

Definition of Close

Chuck 1940–     Charles Thomas Close American painter

CLOSE Defined for English Language Learners

close

verb

Definition of close for English Language Learners

  • : to move (a door, window, etc.) so that things cannot pass through an opening

  • : to cover the opening of (something)

  • : to bring together the parts or edges of (something open)


close

adjective

Definition of close for English Language Learners

  • : near in space : not far away or distant

  • : near in time

  • : very similar : almost the same


close

adverb

Definition of close for English Language Learners

  • : at or to a short distance or time away


CLOSE Defined for Kids

1

close

verb \ ˈklōz \

Definition of close for Students

closed; closing
1 : to cover the opening of
  • I closed the box.
2 : to change the position of so as to prevent passage through an opening : shut
  • Please close the door.
3 : to bring or come to an end
  • I closed my account.
4 : to end the operation of for a period of time or permanently
  • The school was closed for summer.
5 : to bring the parts or edges of together
  • close a book
  • Close your eyes.
6 : 1approach 1
  • I was still behind. The finish line was closing.
  • —Jerry Spinelli, Crash
7 : 1decrease
  • I ran faster and the gap between us closed.
close in
: to come or move nearer or closer
  • A storm closed in.

2

close

noun \ ˈklōz \

Definition of close for Students

: the point at which something ends
  • the close of business

3

close

adjective \ ˈklōs \

Definition of close for Students

closer; closest
1 : not far apart in space, time, degree, or effect
  • I was close to the aisle and in good position to scrutinize the feet of new arrivals.
  • —Gail Carson Levine, Ella Enchanted
  • It's close to nine o'clock.
2 : very similar
  • The material is a close match with the curtains.
3 : almost reaching a particular condition
  • Illness brought her close to death.
4 : having a strong liking each one for the other
  • close friends
5 : strict and careful in attention to details
  • close examination
6 : decided by a narrow margin
  • It was a close election.
7 : 1short 1
  • a close haircut
8 : having little extra space
  • We all fit, but it was close.
9 : kept secret or tending to keep secrets
10 : lacking fresh or moving air
  • a close room

closely

adverb

closeness

noun

4

close

adverb \ ˈklōs \

Definition of close for Students

closer; closest
: a short distance or time away
  • The time drew closer.

Law Dictionary

1

close

verb

legal Definition of close

closed; closing
transitive verb
1 : to bring to an end or to a state of completion
  • closed the case
  • close an estate by liquidating its assets
  • closing his account
2 : to conclude discussion or negotiation about; also : to bring to completion by performing something previously agreed
  • closing a merger
  • close the property sale
intransitive verb
1 : to enter into or complete an agreement (as for the sale of real estate)
  • they closed on the house
2 : to come to an end or to a state of completion
  • after the class closes, the trust shall continue…until the death of the last surviving member of the class
  • Louisiana Revised Statutes

2

close

noun

legal Definition of close

: an enclosed area
  • break another's close


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