citrinin

noun

ci·​tri·​nin si-ˈtrī-nən How to pronounce citrinin (audio)
: a toxic antibiotic C13H14O5 that is produced especially by a penicillium (Penicillium citrinum) and an aspergillus (Aspergillus niveus) and is effective against some gram-positive bacteria

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Research published in JAMA Internal Medicine in 2010 showed an even wider range of potencies, and found a chemical called citrinin in some of the supplements, which has been known to cause kidney damage and cancer in animals. Karen Weintraub, USA TODAY, 23 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'citrinin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

New Latin citrinum, specific epithet of Penicillium citrinum

First Known Use

1931, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of citrinin was in 1931

Dictionary Entries Near citrinin

Cite this Entry

“Citrinin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/citrinin. Accessed 7 Dec. 2022.

Medical Definition

citrinin

noun
ci·​tri·​nin si-ˈtrī-nən How to pronounce citrinin (audio)
: a toxic antibiotic C13H14O5 that is produced especially by two molds of the genus Penicillium (P. citrinum) and the genus Aspergillus (A. niveus) and is effective against some gram-positive bacteria
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