cirrhosis

noun
cir·​rho·​sis | \ sə-ˈrō-səs How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \
plural cirrhoses\ sə-​ˈrō-​ˌsēz How to pronounce cirrhoses (audio) \

Definition of cirrhosis

: widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (such as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis)

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from cirrhosis

cirrhotic \ sə-​ˈrä-​tik How to pronounce cirrhotic (audio) \ adjective or noun

Examples of cirrhosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The same is true for those who have other immune system compromising conditions such as cirrhosis or cancer. Joe Mario Pedersen, orlandosentinel.com, "Flesh-eating bacteria gives Florida woman a fight for her life after swim at the beach: report," 8 Nov. 2019 The excess fat in liver cells that is characteristic of the disease usually does not cause any symptoms, but in about 25% of people with NAFLD, the accumulation progresses and sometimes causes life-threatening cirrhosis or liver cancer. Jon Cohen, Science | AAAS, "Microbe that got man drunk could help explain common liver disease," 19 Sep. 2019 The researchers also noticed that this increase in alcoholic cirrhosis came after the stock market crash in 2008, which could imply that stress is a major factor. Korin Miller, SELF, "Why Are More Millennials Dying of Alcohol-Related Liver Disease?," 27 July 2018 In Moldova, where liver cancer and liver cirrhosis are more common than anywhere else in Europe, men live to an average age of 68 and women, 75. Madeline Roache / Puhoi, Time, "'You’re Not a Person if You Don’t Drink.' How This Tiny European Country Developed the World's Worst Drinking Problem," 29 Aug. 2019 Native people have some of the highest rates of diabetes, heart disease, cirrhosis and other liver disease and life-threatening injuries. oregonlive.com, "Where are the Native American doctors? Oregon med school tries to solve crisis," 27 July 2019 Emricasan failed to show effectiveness in a midstage trial in patients with cirrhosis caused by non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, or NASH. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Conatus seeking ‘strategic alternatives,’ lays off 40 percent of staff after liver drug fails," 24 June 2019 The Utah patient, a male with cirrhosis who required a platelet transfusion before a procedure, complained of chills an hour after his transfusion began. Susan Scutti, CNN, "CDC investigates after 4 patients got sepsis from contaminated platelet transfusions," 13 June 2019 Also, the drug failed in a separate trial of NASH patients who had cirrhosis and high blood pressure in the large vein that brings blood from the intestine to the liver. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Conatus seeking ‘strategic alternatives,’ lays off 40 percent of staff after liver drug fails," 24 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cirrhosis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of cirrhosis

circa 1847, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cirrhosis

New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-colored; akin to Old English hār gray — more at hoar

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about cirrhosis

Statistics for cirrhosis

Last Updated

19 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for cirrhosis

The first known use of cirrhosis was circa 1847

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for cirrhosis

cirrhosis

noun
How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of cirrhosis

medical : a serious disease of the liver that can be caused by drinking too much alcohol

cirrhosis

noun
cir·​rho·​sis | \ sə-ˈrō-səs How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \
plural cirrhoses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce cirrhoses (audio) \

Medical Definition of cirrhosis

: widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis) — see biliary cirrhosis

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on cirrhosis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cirrhosis

Spanish Central: Translation of cirrhosis

Nglish: Translation of cirrhosis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cirrhosis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cirrhosis

Comments on cirrhosis

What made you want to look up cirrhosis? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

concealed or difficult to comprehend

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Pass the Little Ribbons: A Pasta Word Quiz

  • pasta resembling wheels with spokes
  • Match the pasta to its meaning in English: Rotelle
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Add Diction

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!