circulant

noun
cir·cu·lant | \ˈsərkyələnt, -ə̄k-, |-əik-\
plural -s

Definition of circulant 

: a mathematical determinant in which each row is derived from the preceding by cyclic permutation, each constituent being pushed into the next column and the last into the first so that constituents of the principal diagonal are all the same

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History and Etymology for circulant

Latin circulant-, circulans, present participle of circulare to make round

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