cerebellum

noun
cer·​e·​bel·​lum | \ ˌser-ə-ˈbe-ləm How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) , ˌse-rə- \
plural cerebellums or cerebella\ ˌser-​ə-​ˈbe-​lə How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) , ˌse-​rə-​ \

Definition of cerebellum

: a large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum, and formed in humans of two lateral lobes and a median lobe — see brain illustration

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Other Words from cerebellum

cerebellar \ ˌser-​ə-​ˈbe-​lər How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) , ˌse-​rə-​ \ adjective

Examples of cerebellum in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web For instance, although the striatum loses volume during the tween years, the cerebellum (which also controls movement) compensates, said Dr. Peggy Nopoulos of the University of Iowa, who led the MRI study. Sharon Begley, Scientific American, "Research Using Brains-in-a-Dish Forces a Radical Rethinking of Huntington’s Disease," 10 Dec. 2019 In 2011, as an undergraduate, Martinez was diagnosed with a condition in which a portion of the cerebellum herniates out the bottom of the skull and compresses the brain stem. Ryan Nickerson, Houston Chronicle, "UTHealth student starts scholarship in classmate’s honor," 31 Jan. 2020 Now, Pickering and her colleagues have reanalyzed samples of cat 717’s cerebellum at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, blasting them with x-rays and analyzing the resulting spectrum for the fingerprints of specific molecules. Joshua Sokoloski, Science | AAAS, "Mysterious chemical found in dead cat's brain reopens debate over mercury poisoning disaster," 24 Mar. 2020 Then a year ago, Duarte was diagnosed with Chiari malformation, a structural defect that occurs in the base of the skull and cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance. Dana Hunsinger Benbow, Indianapolis Star, "She was Indy's best female boxer; now her daughter, 10, with spina bifida is a boxer, too," 12 Dec. 2019 The tissue had come from a part of Zimmer’s cerebrum that helps with language development instead of from his cerebellum, his lawsuit alleges. oregonlive, "Kaiser Sunnyside surgery removed man’s healthy brain tissue, not his tumor, $25 million suit says," 16 Feb. 2020 Medulloblastoma is a rare brain cancer found in the cerebellum, the lower back part of the brain, that can easily spread throughout the brain and spinal cord. Jason Duaine Hahn, PEOPLE.com, "5-Year-Old Boy with Brain Cancer Gets Treated to Dream 'Unicorn Ride' Before Starting Treatment," 19 Dec. 2019 The cerebellum, by contrast, has roughly half the total neurons in the brain, and yet people can survive with severe damage to it. Joe Lindsey, Popular Mechanics, "'Game of Thrones' Science: How Do Wights Work?," 26 Apr. 2019 Some estimates suggested 10 to 20 billion neurons for the human cerebral cortex, others some 60 to 80 billion in another region called the cerebellum. Suzana Herculano-houzel, The Conversation, "Your big brain makes you human – count your neurons when you count your blessings," 26 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cerebellum.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cerebellum

1543, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cerebellum

Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum

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Time Traveler for cerebellum

Time Traveler

The first known use of cerebellum was in 1543

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Statistics for cerebellum

Cite this Entry

“Cerebellum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cerebellum. Accessed 20 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for cerebellum

cerebellum

noun
How to pronounce cerebellum (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of cerebellum

medical : the back part of the brain that controls balance and the use of muscles

cerebellum

noun
cer·​e·​bel·​lum | \ ˌser-ə-ˈbe-ləm How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) \
plural cerebellums or cerebella\ -​ˈbe-​lə \

Kids Definition of cerebellum

: the lower back part of the brain whose chief functions are controlling the coordination of muscles and keeping the body in proper balance

cerebellum

noun
cer·​e·​bel·​lum | \ ˌser-ə-ˈbel-əm How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) \
plural cerebellums or cerebella\ -​ˈbel-​ə How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) \

Medical Definition of cerebellum

: a large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum and formed in humans of two lateral lobes and a median lobe

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More from Merriam-Webster on cerebellum

Nglish: Translation of cerebellum for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cerebellum for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cerebellum

Comments on cerebellum

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