cerebellum

noun
cer·​e·​bel·​lum | \ ˌser-ə-ˈbe-ləm How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) , ˌse-rə- \
plural cerebellums or cerebella\ ˌser-​ə-​ˈbe-​lə How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) , ˌse-​rə-​ \

Definition of cerebellum

: a large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum, and formed in humans of two lateral lobes and a median lobe — see brain illustration

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Other Words from cerebellum

cerebellar \ ˌser-​ə-​ˈbe-​lər How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) , ˌse-​rə-​ \ adjective

Examples of cerebellum in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The artery that supplies the brainstem — the master controller of the body’s functions like breathing and heart rate — was blocked by a clot, and the blood flow to the cerebellum at the back of the brain was blocked. Adam Goldman, New York Times, "Officer Attacked in Capitol Riot Died of Strokes, Medical Examiner Rules," 19 Apr. 2021 As areas like the cerebellum, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex—the seat of decision-making and planning—get smaller, our brains automatically recruit other locations, like a left-brain region’s right-side partner, to help carry the cognitive load. Erin Blakemore, Popular Science, "Old dogs need to learn new tricks. Here’s why.," 9 Mar. 2021 Medulloblastoma is a cancer most commonly found in children, and is frequently found on the cerebellum at the bottom of the brain, according to cancer.gov. Charlie Mckenna, BostonGlobe.com, "‘Mighty Quinn’ celebrates 5th birthday ahead of new round of cancer treatment," 10 Feb. 2021 According to researchers, practice can lead to new maps of neurons in the cerebellum, an area in the back of the brain. Yasemin Saplakoglu, Scientific American, "Go Figure: Why Olympic Ice Skaters Don't Fall Flat on Their Faces," 9 Feb. 2018 For instance, although the striatum loses volume during the tween years, the cerebellum (which also controls movement) compensates, said Dr. Peggy Nopoulos of the University of Iowa, who led the MRI study. Sharon Begley, Scientific American, "Research Using Brains-in-a-Dish Forces a Radical Rethinking of Huntington’s Disease," 10 Dec. 2019 In 2011, as an undergraduate, Martinez was diagnosed with a condition in which a portion of the cerebellum herniates out the bottom of the skull and compresses the brain stem. Ryan Nickerson, Houston Chronicle, "UTHealth student starts scholarship in classmate’s honor," 31 Jan. 2020 Now, Pickering and her colleagues have reanalyzed samples of cat 717’s cerebellum at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, blasting them with x-rays and analyzing the resulting spectrum for the fingerprints of specific molecules. Joshua Sokoloski, Science | AAAS, "Mysterious chemical found in dead cat's brain reopens debate over mercury poisoning disaster," 24 Mar. 2020 Then a year ago, Duarte was diagnosed with Chiari malformation, a structural defect that occurs in the base of the skull and cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance. Dana Hunsinger Benbow, Indianapolis Star, "She was Indy's best female boxer; now her daughter, 10, with spina bifida is a boxer, too," 12 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cerebellum.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cerebellum

1543, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cerebellum

Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum

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Time Traveler for cerebellum

Time Traveler

The first known use of cerebellum was in 1543

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Statistics for cerebellum

Last Updated

28 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Cerebellum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cerebellum. Accessed 15 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for cerebellum

cerebellum

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cerebellum

medical : the back part of the brain that controls balance and the use of muscles

cerebellum

noun
cer·​e·​bel·​lum | \ ˌser-ə-ˈbe-ləm How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) \
plural cerebellums or cerebella\ -​ˈbe-​lə \

Kids Definition of cerebellum

: the lower back part of the brain whose chief functions are controlling the coordination of muscles and keeping the body in proper balance

cerebellum

noun
cer·​e·​bel·​lum | \ ˌser-ə-ˈbel-əm How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) \
plural cerebellums or cerebella\ -​ˈbel-​ə How to pronounce cerebellum (audio) \

Medical Definition of cerebellum

: a large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum and formed in humans of two lateral lobes and a median lobe

More from Merriam-Webster on cerebellum

Nglish: Translation of cerebellum for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cerebellum for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cerebellum

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