Definition of cavil
cavillingplay \ˈka-və-liŋ, ˈkav-liŋ\
: to raise trivial and frivolous objection The author caviled about the design of the book's cover.
: to raise trivial objections to He caviled the conditions of the agreement.
cavillerplay \ˈka-və-lər, ˈkav-lər\ noun
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Examples of cavil in a sentence
I don't intend to cavil or compromise.
A customer caviled about the price.
Did You Know?
You must be joking! That's just one of the things you might be tempted to exclaim if you found yourself quarreling with a caviler - and you'd be right, etymologically speaking at least. Cavil derives from the Latin verb cavillari, meaning "to jest" or "to raise silly objections," which in turn derives from the Latin noun cavilla, meaning "raillery." In case you're wondering, "cavil" is not related to the adjective "cavalier" ("marked by or given to offhand and often disdainful dismissal of important matters"). "Cavalier," which is also a noun for a gentleman trained in arms and horsemanship, traces back via Middle French to the Late Latin caballarius, meaning "horseman."
Origin and Etymology of cavil
Latin cavillari to jest, cavil, from cavilla raillery; akin to Latin calvi to deceive — more at calumny
First Known Use: 1542
CAVIL Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of cavil for English Language Learners
: to complain about things that are not important
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