carbonyl

noun
car·​bon·​yl | \ ˈkär-bə-ˌnil How to pronounce carbonyl (audio) , -ˌnēl, ˌkär-bə-ˈnēl, kär-ˈbä-nᵊl, especially British ˈkä-bə-ˌnī(-ə)l \

Definition of carbonyl

1 : an organic functional group or radical −CO− occurring in aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, and their derivatives
2 : a coordination complex involving the neutral radical CO chromium carbonyl

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Other Words from carbonyl

carbonylic \ ˌkär-​bə-​ˈni-​lik How to pronounce carbonylic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of carbonyl in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Some scientists are less confident about using carbonyl sulfide as a method to measure photosynthesis. Sarah Gibbens, National Geographic, "Plants help absorb our carbon, but for how much longer?," 16 May 2019 As new land was uncovered, plants sprang up and began destroying carbonyl sulfide. Carl Zimmer, New York Times, "Antarctic Ice Reveals Earth’s Accelerating Plant Growth," 5 Apr. 2017 Plants draw in carbonyl sulfide along with carbon dioxide. Carl Zimmer, New York Times, "Antarctic Ice Reveals Earth’s Accelerating Plant Growth," 5 Apr. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'carbonyl.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of carbonyl

1857, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Time Traveler for carbonyl

Time Traveler

The first known use of carbonyl was in 1857

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Statistics for carbonyl

Cite this Entry

“Carbonyl.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/carbonyl. Accessed 9 December 2019.

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More Definitions for carbonyl

carbonyl

noun
car·​bon·​yl | \ ˈkär-bə-ˌnil, -ˌnēl How to pronounce carbonyl (audio) \

Medical Definition of carbonyl

: an organic functional group CO occurring in aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, and their derivatives

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