per capita

adverb or adjective
per cap·​i·​ta | \ (ˌ)pər-ˈka-pə-tə How to pronounce per capita (audio) \

Definition of per capita

1 : per unit of population : by or for each person the highest income per capita of any state in the union
2 : equally to each individual

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Synonyms for per capita

Synonyms

all, apiece, each, per

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Examples of per capita in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The indicator—$1 per capita in 1986—would change each year to match the change in per-capita income. Thomas Frank, Scientific American, "Why the U.S. Disaster Agency Is Not Ready for Catastrophes," 20 Aug. 2019 There is a large corps of opinion-influencers, however, who are dedicated to maintaining U.S. health care costs at almost twice the per capita average of developed countries. Letter Writers, Twin Cities, "Letters: This Minnesota rule discriminates against women," 16 Aug. 2019 That’s nearly 1,500 pills per person per year - nearly double the per capita rate of the next highest town in Alabama. Ramsey Archibald | Rarchibald@al.com, al.com, "Where the opioid epidemic hit Alabama hardest," 21 July 2019 The mudflats and salt marshes at Wallasea currently bury around 1,200 metric tons of CO₂ a year—the equivalent of the per capita emissions of only around 200 Brits in 2018. Ciara Nugent / Wallasea Island, Time, "The Best Way to Save Nature? More Nature," 12 Sep. 2019 To put these lump sums into perspective, based on a current estimated population of near 307,000 inhabitants, the per capita cost of a future spending increase of $30 million would be about $98 and total street and sidewalk spending would be $163. Edward Lotterman, Twin Cities, "Real World Economics: Weighing the value of what we spend," 18 Aug. 2019 But in Colorado, the per capita debt burden is at $71,340, just behind California at $71,860. Aldo Svaldi, The Denver Post, "Colorado residents see red, carrying more debt than all but two states and D.C.," 19 July 2019 In Norton, considered a county by the federal government, the per capita death rate from prescription opioid overdoses was 18 times the national rate. Author: Sari Horwitz, Steven Rich, Scott Higham, Anchorage Daily News, "Opioid death rates soared in communities where pain pills flowed," 18 July 2019 In Norton, considered a county by the federal government, the per capita death rate from prescription opioid overdoses was 18 times the national rate. oregonlive.com, "See how many opioid pills were sold in your town," 18 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'per capita.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of per capita

1682, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for per capita

Medieval Latin, by heads

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Statistics for per capita

Last Updated

10 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for per capita

The first known use of per capita was in 1682

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More Definitions for per capita

per capita

adverb or adjective

Financial Definition of per capita

What It Is

Per capita  is a measure of a quantity per person.

How It Works

For example, per capita GDP is a country’s gross domestic product (GDP) per person. The formula for per capita GDP is:

Per Capita GDP = Gross Domestic Product/Population

So, let's assume that Country XYZ has $100 trillion in gross domestic product and 250 million people. According to the formula, Country XYZ's net debt per capita is:

Per Capita GDP = $100,000,000,000,000/250,000,000 = $400,000

Why It Matters

Per capita measures help analysts and investors get a better feel for whether a company, country, or other entity is productive, efficient, or profitable. For instance, the per capita measure of GDP indicates whether the country’s workforce is generally becoming more or less productive – that is, whether the country’s workforce is efficiently producing goods and services that consumers want.

Source: Investing Answers

per capita

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of per capita

: by or for each person

per capita

adverb or adjective
per cap·​i·​ta | \ pər-ˈka-pə-tə How to pronounce per capita (audio) \

Kids Definition of per capita

: by or for each person What is the per capita income?

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per capita

adverb or adjective
per cap·​i·​ta | \ pər-ˈka-pə-tə How to pronounce per capita (audio) \

Legal Definition of per capita

1 : equally to each individual all property to pass to the descendants per capita used of a method of distributing an especially intestate estate — compare per stirpes

Note: Per capita distribution of an estate provides each descendant with an equal share of the estate's assets regardless of the degree of his or her kinship. Children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, etc., all receive equal shares.

2 : per unit of population : by or for each individual a high per capita tax burden

History and Etymology for per capita

Medieval Latin, by heads

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Comments on per capita

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